Do You Know Him by Name?
The Name of the Father and the Son
Book by Ministers of the New Covenant
First Printing April, 2004
All quotations of Scripture are from the KJV of the Bible unless otherwise noted.
SEC = Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance
Comments or Questions:
Matthew Janzen 3470 E. Hightower Trail Conyers, GA 30012 email@example.com
Chapter I: What is the Name of the Father?
Chapter II: Does Name Mean Name or Authority?
Chapter III: The Origin of Forgetting Yahweh’s Name
Chapter IV: Did the Messiah Proclaim Yahweh’s Name?
Chapter V: What is the Name of the Son?
Chapter VI: Transliterating Yahoshua
Chapter VII: Yahweh in the Greek New Testament
Chapter VIII: Dealing With a Few Objections
Chapter IX: Conclusion
Appendix i: Application in 1857
PrefaceI am very thankful that you have decided to take time out to read and study this small book. My prayer is that the knowledge from the Scriptures given herein will produce fruit in the life of the believer. It is one thing to acknowledge that something is accurate, but it is another to decide to allow such knowledge to change one’s life.
Before getting into the actual book, I need to address an issue that has been “shoved under the rug” in the majority of churches across the world today. This issue is the realization that Yahweh’s commandments, statutes, and judgments have not been abolished, nailed to the tree of the Messiah, or done away under the New Covenant. Quite the contrary is the case; the Scripture defines the New Covenant for us in Hebrews 8:8-10, and Hebrews 10:16-18. Part of this Covenant is Yahweh’s laws written upon physical Israel’s hearts and minds. If Yahweh’s laws were abolished, wouldn’t it be absurd for Him to write his law upon our hearts?
The issue of the law is not what will be addressed in this booklet, however, I must direct your attention to one law that most will agree needs to be observed, but that majority will not understand its true implication. This law is found in many places in Scripture, one of which is Exodus 20:7.
You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain. [NASB]
This is the reading of the third commandment verbatim from most English versions of Scripture. However, this is not the third commandment. The third commandment is properly rendered:
You shall not take the name Yahweh your Almighty in vain, for Yahweh will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain. [NASB, with Yahweh properly inserted]
When this commandment was first given on external tablets of stone, the name Yahweh was understood as the name of the Israel’s Almighty. There were several statutes involved within this law. The statutes showed Israel just how many ways it was possible to break this commandment. They were as follows:
Thou shalt not curse Yahweh
Thou shalt not curse one of Yahweh’s rulers
Thou shalt not swear falsely or commit perjury.
Thou shalt not mention, use or swear by the name of other gods.
Thou shalt not prophesy falsely in Yahweh’s name or in the name of other gods
Thou shalt not defiantly disobey Yahweh’s laws.
Thou shalt not miscegenate.
To this lengthy list of statutes, we can add at least one more. This statute forbids us of bringing Yahweh’s name to naught. SEC defines the word vain as follows:
H7723sha_v shav shawv, shav From the same as H7722 in the sense of desolating; evil (as destructive), literally (ruin) or morally (especially guile); figuratively idolatry (as false, subjectively), uselessness (as deceptive, objectively; also adverbially in vain):—false (-ly), lie, lying, vain, vanity.
Bringing Yahweh’s name to naught is accomplished by not using the name Yahweh in our prayers, thanksgivings, worship services, and Scriptural readings, etc. Therefore one must not merely accept that Yahweh’s name is authentic, he must be willing to correct the error that has been promulgated for hundreds of years of not using the name Yahweh.
As you read this booklet please keep this commandment in mind. Do not let it enter one ear, and go out the other. As brother Stephen said in Acts 7:51 do not let your hearts and ears remain uncircumcised. Allow Yahweh’s word to penetrate your heart, and accept it for what it says.
I should tell you that there will be some repetition in this booklet, seeing that it was compiled from shorter booklets on the subject. However, repetition is usually a good thing; it allows one to remember what is being taught.
Once again, you are to be commended for wanting to study about this very important subject. Not because myself or any other human being believes it to be important, but because Yahweh himself underlines the importance in His holy Word. He ties His name into deliverance, healing, providing, peace, righteousness, and yes even salvation; New Covenant salvation.
What is the Name of the Father?
The importance of the name of the Creator of heaven and earth, the one and only Almighty, has been overlooked and shunned by many people, throughout many generations. This is in stark contrast with the statement made by the Creator himself in Exodus 3:15.
And [the] Almighty said moreover unto Moses, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, Yahweh [the] Almighty of your fathers, the Almighty of Abraham, the Almighty of Isaac, and the Almighty of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this is my name for ever, and this is my memorial unto all generations.
Yahweh makes it very clear that His memorial is His name. This memorial is to be for all generations. Yet in the generation today of the 21st century, it is not His memorial. His name is in fact hardly ever memorialized because tradition has overtaken Holy Spirit inspiration, and most follow the traditionally excepted practice of adding to and taking away from the inspired Scriptures. In this book it is my desire to try and communicate to the reader the importance of knowing, as well as using, the set-apart name of the Almighty of the Scriptures; exclusively, thus bringing the honor and esteem that His name alone deserves. The heavenly Father has given us his memorial or his remembrance; let us remember Him in the way He chooses us to.
Thy name O Yahweh endureth for ever; and thy memorial, O Yahweh, throughout all generations. [Psalms 135:13]
Even Yahweh [the] Almighty of hosts; Yahweh is His memorial. [Hosea 12:5]
But thou O Yahweh shall endure forever; and thy remembrance unto all generations. [Psalms 102:12]
Translation vs. Transliteration
The Bible speaks of the names of many false mighty ones. A few examples are as follows:
Succoth-benoth; Nergal; Ashima; Nibhaz; Tartak; Adrammelech; Anammelech; Dagon; Baal
Interestingly enough, the English translators chose to do what they were hired to do by the authority of their day, and that is transliterate these names.
In II Kings 17 (which I recommend you read), the king of Assyria had not brought anyone to Samaria that could teach others how to fear Yahweh. When he finally acquired a priest to go and do so, the men in the area still continued to fear their false mighty ones. The primary meaning will not be discussed entirely here, but reading the passage from the King James Bible will present the point to be made.
Howbeit every nation made gods of their own, and put them in the houses of the high places which the Samaritans had made, every nation in their cities wherein they dwelt. And the men of Babylon made Succoth-benoth, and the men of Cuth made Nergal, and the men of Hamath made Ashima, and the Avites made Nibhaz and Tartak, and the Sepharvites burnt their children in fire to Adrammelech and Anammelech, the gods of Sepharvaim. So they feared the LORD, and made unto themselves of the lowest of them priests of the high places, which sacrificed for them in the houses of the high places. [II Kings 17:29-32, verbatim from KJV]
Even in the time frame of this passage, Yahweh had become just a mighty one, on equal footing and not more than the other so called mighty ones. However, in our English translations it is even worse! Not only do we have Yahweh becoming just another mighty one, but we have all the other mighty ones names being properly transliterated, and thus memorialized, while the name of our Creator stands behind a mere title... the LORD.
This would not be the case if the translators had properly transliterated the name of the one true Mighty One of Scripture. There is a glaring difference between translation and transliteration. Definitions of both words will be given.
Translate: ...to turn into one’s own or another language...
Transliterate: ...to represent or spell (words, letters, or characters of one language) in the letters or characters of another language or alphabet...
Most people have knowledge that words are almost always translated, while proper nouns (names of people, cities, etc.) are almost always transliterated. An example is that my name is Matthew. From language to language people will call me Matthew or some slight variation of that name. The sound may change because of the limited alphabet of certain languages, and because of accents, but my name will be similarly said in every language. People do not go around calling me by the translation of my name... gift of Yah; whereas with common nouns (everyday words) it is different. We English speaking people do not all say ‘porfavore’ (Spanish) in English, every time we vocalize the word please. We rather use the English translation of the Spanish word.
The practice of transliteration was accomplished many times in Scripture, as shown by the example of the names of the mighty ones mentioned earlier. The names of these mighty ones have all been transliterated. I want you, the reader, to strongly realize this point. It would stand to reason that if the false, pagan mighty ones mentioned in Scripture have personal proper names, then the true, one and only Mighty One of the Scriptures would also have a personal, proper name. This name would properly distinguish Him from the false mighty ones. It is quite odd when we find that this is not the case at all in the majority of Scripture. While the names of the other mighty ones are transliterated, the name of the true Almighty One remains obscure; not even behind a translation, but rather behind uninspired substitute titles and names.
The English titles for the Heavenly Father
The English words Almighty and Lord/Master are what we would call titles of Yahweh, but not his personal name. These words are similar to doctor, lawyer, teacher, pastor, etc. They describe positions of someone, but do not make obvious the particular person we are referring to. A good example would be Deuteronomy 10:17.
For Yahweh your Almighty is the Almighty of mighty ones, and Master of masters…
In this passage the Hebrew words elohim and adonaim are used to refer to other mighty ones. Elohim (#430 SEC) being translated as mighty ones (gods in KJV), and adonaim (plural of adon or adonai #113, #136 SEC) being translated as masters (lords in KJV). Thus, Yahweh uses, in His word, the terms elohim (mighty ones) and adonaim (lords) for other mighty ones. We can assuredly conclude that neither elohim or adonaim are the personal proper name for the Almighty one of Scripture, seeing they can refer to any mighty one. The same stands true for other titles such as eloah (#433 SEC) and el (#410 SEC). Eloah is used in II Chronicles 32:15 thusly:
...let not Hezekiah deceive you, nor persuade you on this manner, neither yet believe him: for no mighty one of any nation or kingdom was able to deliver his people out of mine hand.
We can see here that the word(s) mighty one (or god in KJV, #433 SEC) or eloah is used of other deities. You can also look up the term el in Deuteronomy 32:12 and Psalms 81:9 and you will see that it too does not pass the test. Thus el, eloah, elohim, adon, adonai, and adonaim are not the personal proper name of the true Almighty One of the Bible, seeing they are not exclusively used in reference to Him. He must have an exclusive name to distinguish him from the other mighty ones mentioned in Scripture, that we may give him the honor he deserves. This is not the case in most English versions of Scripture.
Confusion is caused if we limit our use to, let’s say, the King James Version. Take for instance Isaiah 42:8:
I am the LORD, that is my name...
Reading this passage from Isaiah, we begin to think that His name is the LORD, but that cannot be because the title lord is shared by the other mighty ones. Notice then Psalms 83:18:
...That men may know that thou whose name alone is JEHOVAH art the most high over all the earth...
Here we have a direct contradiction to Isaiah 42:8. This passage says his name (singular) is JEHOVAH, but Isaiah said his name (singular) is the LORD. I could give other contradictions, but instead let me show you a great harmony with the above two scriptures when we consult the Hebrew text of both passages.
Yahweh is His Name
Both of these passages in the Hebrew use the four lettershwhy (Yahweh) when they read in English, the LORD or JEHOVAH. Thus we can enjoy the harmony of both verses agreeing on the one name of the Father; Yahweh. What the English versions in regards to Yahweh’s name have done, is broken the third commandment against taking his name in vain. One of the meanings of the word vain in Hebrew, is to bring to naught or uselessness. That is exactly what the translators have done when not using the correct transliteration of the Father’s name. Why they chose to properly transliterate the names of the other deities and not the name of the true Almighty, finds its roots not from Scriptural precedent, but from the traditions and teachings of uninspired men.
The English Versions of the Bible
The only versions that do not contain Yahweh’s name are the English versions of the Bible. All of the Old Testament Hebrew texts do contain the name, as well as the earliest copies of the Septuagint. The modern versions give us the reason, point blank, for not using Yahweh’s name in their specific version or translation.
NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE
Preface, Page IX
There is yet another name which is particularly assigned to God as his special or proper name, that is, the four letters YHWH. This name has not been pronounced by the Jews because of the great sacredness of the Divine Name. Therefore it was consistently pronounced and translated LORD. ...It is known that for many years YHWH has been translated as Yahweh. No complete certainty attaches to this pronunciation. However, it is felt by many who are in touch with the laity of our churches that this name conveys no religious or spiritual overtones. It is strange, uncommon, and without sufficient religious and devotional background. Hence it was decided to avoid the use of this name in translation proper.
THE REVISED STANDARD VERSION
The preface, Page V
While it is almost if not quite certain that the Name was originally pronounced Yahweh, this pronunciation was not indicated when the Masoretes added vowel signs to the consonantal Hebrew text. To the four consonants YHWH of the Name which had come to be regarded as too sacred to be pronounced, they attached vowel signs indicating that in its place should be read the Hebrew word Adonai meaning Lord(or Elohim meaning God). Ancient Greek translators employed the word Kyrios (Lord) for the Name. The Vulgate likewise used the Latin word Dominus (Lord). The form Jehovah is of late medieval origin; it is a combination of the consonants of the Divine Name and the vowels ... belonging to an entirely different word. For two reasons the Committees that produced the RSV and the NRSV returned to the more familiar usage of the King James Version. (1) The word “Jehovah” does not accurately represent any form of the Name ever used in Hebrew. (2) The use of any proper name for the one and only God, as though there were other gods from whom the true God had to be distinguished, began to be discontinued in Judaism before the Christian era and is inappropriate for the universal faith of the Christian Church.
THE MOFFAT TRANSLATION
Introduction, Page XVI
Strictly speaking, this ought to be rendered Yahweh, which is familiar to the modern readers in the erroneous form Jehovah
NEW AMERICAN BIBLE
Introduction to the Old Testament, page XI
I am who I am: apparently this utterance is the source of the word Yahweh, the proper personal name of the God of Israel. Out of reverence for this name, the term Adonai, ‘My Lord’ was later used as a substitute. The word LORD in the present version represents the traditional usage. The word Jehovah arose from a false reading of this name...
THE COMPLETE BIBLE
Preface, page 15
As nearly as we can now tell, the Hebrews called their Deity by the name Yahweh... In course of time they came to regard this name too sacred for utterance. They therefore substituted for it the Hebrew word LORD. When vowels were added to the text, the consonants of Yahweh were given to the vowels of LORD. Somewhere in the 14th century A.D., Christian scholars... took the vowels and consonants exactly as they were written and produced the artificial name Jehovah which has persisted...
NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION
Preface, page IX
In regard to the divine name YHWH... the translators adopted the device used in most English versions of rendering that name as LORD in capitol letters...
All of the above translations admit that they have substituted an uninspired name or title in place of the name Yahweh, while also showing the un-authenticity of the hybrid name Jehovah. How can we as mere creations of Yahweh, take out of his word what He has inspired to put in it?
Interestingly enough, there are some versions of Scripture that have retained Yahweh’s name in the Old Testament. A couple of these are the Jerusalem Bible (a Roman Catholic version) and the Emphasized Bible by J.B. Rotherham. Mr. Rotherham makes a fantastic statement on page 26 of his version in the introduction section; a statement agreeable to what we have thus covered.
Men’s names are throughout the Scriptures fraught with significance, enshrining historical incidents, biographical reminiscences, and so forth; and why should the Name of the Ever-Blessed be an exception to this rule?
Of course the name of the Ever-blessed should not be an exception to the rule. We should except and use the name of Yahweh, and concur with other agreeable evidence in one particular Bible encyclopedia that writes:
The title “God” [or Lord, Father, any other title] is neither personal nor distinctive (one can even make a god of his belly; Phil. 3:19). In the Hebrew Scriptures the same word (‘Elo-him’) is applied to Jehovah, the true God, and also to false gods, such as the Philistine god Dagon (Judg. 16:23, 24; I Sam. 5:7) and the Assyrian god Nisroch. (2 Ki. 19:37) For a Hebrew to tell a Philistine or an Assyrian that he worshiped “God”…would obviously not have sufficed to identify the Person to whom his worship went.
Dear reader, why not place the name Yahweh back into the Scriptures? Why not read the Scriptures how Yahweh intended them to be read? Why not break the tradition? Are you willing to love the Creator more than your own feelings and desires, or rather continue to refer to him with titles and generic names that can be and are applied to any and all so-called mighty ones? Think about it.
Oh, give thanks unto Yahweh! Call upon His name; Make known His deeds among the peoples! [Psalms 105:1]
Does Name Mean Name or Authority?
The easiest possible way to understand the importance of a name is to first understand the importance of identification. Identity is very important and even vital in many cases.
If you had to undergo a major surgery, and before it began were given a strong anesthetic, I’m sure you would hope that the proper anesthetic was given to you instead of some other treatment which didn’t do the job. It could be very painful if a mistake was made, and all because of mistaken identity in the field of medicine.
We can be assured that if we use the name of one of our children while they are in the midst of a large crowd of people, that we will get immediate response from that child. It is true that a child can respond to certain tones of voice or more indirectly by referring to them as son or by a nickname that has been given to them throughout their life, but the most concrete way to receive their response is by using their given name and more specifically their full name, i.e. first and last name.
People will always use the argument that they can receive responses by calling out son, daughter, or any other generic title their child is used to, but the fact is the response is more likely to come if a proper name is used. Oddly enough, people who use this argument would not even dream of not giving their child a name when he or she is born. Even the thought of such would be incongruous to any average day person. This is because names are important. Names allow us to identify people and show authority and power while doing so. Let us look at a portion of the Zondervans Pictorial Bible Dictionary.
NAME (Heb. shem; Gr. onoma). In Bible times the notion of “name” had a significance it does not have today, when it is usually an unmeaning personal label. A name was given only by a person in a position of authority (Gen. 2:19; II Kings 23:34), and signified that the person named was appointed to a particular position, function, or relationship (Gen. 35:18; II Sam. 12:25)... In the Scriptures there is the closest possible relationship between a person and his name, the two being practically equivalent, so that to remove the name is to extinguish the person (Num. 27:4; Deut. 7:24). To forget God’s name is to depart from Him (Jer. 23:27)...
A verse is brought up in this encyclopedia that I believe deserves our attention. In Jeremiah 23:25-27 we find a rebuke coming from the Almighty through his prophet Jeremiah, directed towards the corrupt prophets in the nation of Israel.
I have heard what the prophets say who make their lying prophecies in my name. ‘I have had a dream’, they say, ‘I have had a dream!’ How long will they retain this notion in their hearts, these prophets prophesying lies, who announce their private delusions as prophetic? They hope, by means of the dreams that they keep telling each other, to make my people forget my name, just as their fathers forgot my name for Baal. [The Jerusalem Bible]
In both verses 24 and 28 the Almighty is identified by a personal proper name, Yahweh. In the verses in between we find that he strongly condemns the prophets for causing people to forget his name. Notice also that He compares it to their fathers forgetting Yahweh’s name for another name; Baal! One proper name replacing the other proper name.
There has been much debate over whether name means name, or whether name means authority. Many people when presented with the subject of the Heavenly Fathers name rebuttal with the argument which says, “Well, that just means His authority…” as if to say that the hundreds, literally thousands of passages identifying the Almighty as Yahweh are immaterial and irrelevant. Will we accept Scripture, or lean to our own understanding?
While authority is definitely found in His name, it is cheating us from clear Scriptural evidence to do away with Yahweh’s name on the basis of this “authority argument”. Yahweh’s authority is only found in his name. For instance, if I attempt to accomplish something for someone whose name is Bob, and I venture to the place he has told me to go, then try to receive a package for Bob, but tell the people I have come in the name of Tom, I will not be able to receive the package. Authority was in the name, but only when the name was used. We need also to notice both the Hebrew and Greek words that are translated name throughout our Bible. SEC defines the Hebrew word for name as follows:
8034 shem, shame; a prim. word [perh. rather from 7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; comp. 8064]; an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by impl. honor, authority, character: - + base, [in-]fame[-ous], name(-d), renown, report.
SEC confirms what we established first, by stating that even the Hebrew word for name is used as a, “…mark or memorial of individuality…” This word shem is translated several times as the English word name. In the book of Genesis it is often used in the stating that someone named someone else a personal, proper name. This is the primary use of the Hebrew word shem. There are times when the translators of certain Bibles chose to translate the Hebrew word shem by using other English words such as renown or even report. Notice a translation of renown.
And they rose up before Moses, with certain of the children of Israel, two hundred and fifty princes of the assembly, famous in the congregation, men of renown. [Numbers 16:2]
Here we see that when these men’s names were spoken, they were held in high respect among the other people. The name signified authority, but only when the name was used. This is the only rational way to understand the authority verses name issue.
It is also interesting to note that of all the times the word shem is used in Hebrew Scripture, it is never, not one entire time, translated authority in the King James Version. Obviously the translators understood that the word shem, although containing the meaning of authority, could not be properly translated as such. The same stands true in the New Testament writings regarding the Greek word for name. Consider the following:
3686 onoma, on-om-ah; from a presumed der. of the base of 1097 (comp. 3685; a “name” (lit. or fig.) [authority, character]: - called, (+ sur-)name(-d).
A careful study of the word onoma reveals that it is used in the same way as the Hebrew word shem, to designate proper names, as well as their importance. While the word onoma does have the meaning of authority or character, it is also never translated authority in the entire New Testament of the King James Version. Looking at a passage in the book of Acts will help us understand the relationship between authority and name.
And it came to pass on the morrow, that their rulers, and elders, and scribes, And Annas the high priest, and Caiaphas, and John, and Alexander, and as many as were of the kindred of the high priest, were gathered at Jerusalem. And when they had set them in the midst, they asked, “By what power, or by what name have ye done this?” [Acts 4:5-7]
If you continue to read on you will find that Apostle Peter answered the question by using a proper name. Peter did not answer saying, “Oh, it is actually authority that matters and we have done it by the authority!” This would not even make any sense. Had Peter said this, the next words to come out of the high priests mouth would have been, “By whose authority Peter!” The question asked shows that power (authority) and name are synonymous, but without an actual proper name you do not have an origin of the authority.
The word “name” throughout Scripture is clearly used in referring to the names of various individuals, as well as to the name of the heavenly Father. To say that it is not is a defiance of clear evidence. Knowing the importance of names in general, causes us to arrive at the knowledge of knowing the importance of the Creators name. We merely need to give Scripture references to prove this point. The Bible is repetitive when dealing with the importance of our heavenly Father’s name.
Yahweh is a man of war: Yahweh is His name. Exodus 15:3
And he said, I will make all my goodness pass before thee, and I will proclaim the name Yahweh before thee; and will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will show mercy on whom I will show mercy. Exodus 33:19
For thou shalt worship no other mighty one: for Yahweh, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous Mighty one: Exodus 34:14
And he that blasphemeth the name Yahweh he shall surely be put to death... Leviticus 24:16
...that thou mayest fear this glorious and fearful name Yahweh thy Almighty... Deuteronomy 28:58
And they said unto him ‘From a very far country thy servants are come because of the name Yahweh thy Almighty: for we have heard the fame of Him and all that He did in Egypt’. Joshua 9:9
For Yahweh will not forget His people for His great name’s sake… I Samuel 12:22
And let thy name be magnified for ever, saying, Yahweh of hosts is the Almighty of Israel. II Samuel 7:26
...Stand up and bless Yahweh your Almighty for ever and ever: and blessed be thy glorious name, which is exalted above all blessing and praise. Nehemiah 9:5
O Yahweh our Master, how excellent is thy name in all the earth! Psalms 8:1
Some trust in chariots, and some in horses: but we will remember the name Yahweh our Almighty. Psalms 20:7
Teach me thy way O Yahweh; I will walk in thy truth: unite my heart to fear thy name. Psalms 86:11
Give unto Yahweh the glory due unto his name…Psalms 96:8
Blessed be the name Yahweh from this time forth and for ever more. Psalms 113:2
Not unto us, O Yahweh, not unto us, but unto thy name give glory... Psalms 115:1
I will take the cup of salvation, and call upon the name Yahweh. Psalms 115:13
I could give several more Scriptures, but the reader can look them up for himself. The Scriptures are very clear; the name of the heavenly Father is important, even for salvation. Yahweh has placed a great emphasis on His name in His word, and we or no other man on any part of this earth have the right to take away from that emphasis. I prefer, and hopefully you do to, to not follow the lead of the English translators of our Bibles. Yahweh’s name is very important, especially when we find it tied into the salvation of our souls.
And it shall come to pass that whosoever shall call upon the name Yahweh shall be delivered (saved)... [Joel 2:32]
Peter, Paul, and Ananias in part, quoted this very Scripture in the New Testament writings in reference to salvation.
And it shall come to pass that whosoever shall call upon the name Yahweh shall be saved. [Acts 2:21]
For whosoever shall call upon the name Yahweh shall be saved. [Romans 10:13]
And now why tarriest thou? Arise, and be baptized (immersed), and wash away thy sins, calling on the name Yahweh. Acts 22:16
Do you think that these men followed the lead of Yahweh?
The Origin of Forgetting
Yahweh’s NameWe should now ask ourselves the question, when did the name Yahweh stop being used? For starters, we do find that many times, Israel of old strayed away from the commandments of Yahweh. We found in the last chapter that at certain times in their history they forgot Yahweh’s name because of Baal, or because of false dreams and visions. Time and time again Yahweh’s holy prophets had to reprimand Israel because of their apostasy. Even up to the time of the prophet Malachi, Yahweh rebukes his own priests for their dishonor of His name.
6A son honoreth his father, and a servant his master: if then I be a father, where is mine honor? and if I be a master, where is my fear? saith Yahweh of hosts unto you, O priests, that despise my name… 11For from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same my name shall be great among the Gentiles; and in every place incense shall be offered unto my name, and a pure offering: for my name shall be great among the heathen, saith Yahweh of hosts… 1And now, O ye priests, this commandment is for you. 2If ye will not hear, and if ye will not lay it to heart, to give glory unto my name, saith Yahweh of hosts, I will even send a curse upon you, and I will curse your blessings: yea, I have cursed them already, because ye do not lay it to heart… [Malachi 1:6, 11; 2:1-2]
The King James Study Bible, by Thomas Nelson Publishers tells us that “The prophecy [of Malachi] was probably written sometime between 433 and 425 B.C.” This places approximately 400 years between this prophecy and the first advent of the Messiah. We know beyond any shadow of doubt that the name Yahweh was used and upheld at the time Malachi was inspired to give his prophecy to Israel. Therefore what happened during this period of 400 years to digress from what was such a solid affirmation by all previous prophetic utterances in Scripture?
The beginnings of the practice of refraining from using the sacred name can be traced to a time period between 175 – 164 B.C. It was in this time period that a very unrighteous king by the name of Antiochus of Epiphanes made drastic attempts to Hellenize or bring pagan influence upon the regions of Judaea and Galilee. In this time, certain Judahite peoples which favored a Hellenistic way of life placed a man by the name of Jason into the office of the high priest. This was done by promising king Antiochus a very large sum of money. In Jason’s day much wickedness took place. For instance “A gymnasium was built in Jerusalem, Greek names became common place, and Hebrew orthodoxy was considered obscurant and obsolete.”
As time progressed, Antiochus was determined to wipe out all remains of true worship, and replace it with total rebellion to the words and commandments of Almighty Yahweh.
Antiochus was determined to remove all traces of orthodox Jewish faith. Israel’s God was identified with Jupiter, and a bearded image of the pagan deity… was erected on the temple altar, where swine were offered in sacrifice. Jews were forbidden, under penalty of death, to practice circumcision, Sabbath observance, or the celebration of the Feasts of the Jewish calendar. Copies of the Scriptures were ordered destroyed. The laws were enforced with the utmost cruelty. An aged scribe name Eleazar was flogged to death because he would not eat swine’s flesh.
The Apocryphal book of I Maccabees records for us a few of the cruel happenings of that specific time.
At which time, according to the commandment, they put to death certaine women that had caused their children to be circumcised. And they hanged the infants about their neckes, and rifled their houses, and slewe them that had circumcised them. Howbeit, many in Israel were fully resolved and confirmed in themselves, not to eate any vncleane thing. Wherefore they chose rather to die, that they might not be defiled with meats, and that they might not profane the holy Couenant: So then they died. And there was very great wrath upon Israel.
Interestingly enough, King Antiochus also prohibited the use of the sacred name amongst the people of Israel. This is forthrightly confirmed by the Encyclopaedia Judaica, as well as The Jewish Encyclopedia.
Among the decrees of the Syrians during the persecutions of Antiochus Epiphanes was one forbidding the mention of the name of God.
The Greek Inquisition in Judaea prohibited the utterance of God’s name, but when the Hasmoneans became victorious they decreed that God’s Name should be mentioned even in notes and documents. The sages, however, opposed this innovation, as they thought the name would be defiled as the notes were canceled and thrown away as useless.
This decree of Antiochus is in direct contradiction to what the Holy Spirit inspired to be written throughout the pages of Scripture. Isaiah 26:13 speaks of those making “…mention of Thy [Yahweh’s] name.” The great prophet Samuel is numbered among those who have, “…called on His [Yahweh’s] name [NASB]” in Psalms 99:6. Or what about Psalms 105:1 which states, “Oh give thanks to Yahweh, call upon His name… [NASB]”.
We absolutely never find a verse in Scripture urging us to not mention the name Yahweh. Therefore it would make excellent sense that this command/prohibition did in fact stem from a heathen, pagan king, and then in turn was adopted by certain Judahite people of that particular day and time. One author stated the following concerning this adoption.
The very fact that the Greek rulers of Syria forbade the Jews from using the sacred name in the days of Antiochus Epiphanes demonstrates that the Jews were, in fact, using it at that time. The prohibition against its use by the Jewish religious leaders themselves came about as a reaction to heathen misuse.
The Jewish Encyclopedia seems to favor in part that the prohibition came about as a safeguard to protect the sacred name.
According to Dalmon (l.c. pp. 66 et. seq.) The Rabbis forbade the utterance of the Tetragrammaton, to guard against desecration of the Sacred Name… Jacob (l.c. pp. 172, 174)… believes that the Divine Name was not pronounced lest it should be desecrated by the heathen.
Please also keep in mind that there were certain Judahite people in this day that favored a Hellenistic lifestyle, in lieu of a lifestyle which represented Yahweh’s teachings, as found in the Holy Scriptures. Along with this, it might also be of our interest to realize the historical evidence that many Edomites (Esau’s descendants) became a part of the Judahite peoples during the second century B.C.
It seems that this Edomite line would have been less cognizant of the importance of retaining Yahweh’s name as part of a true worship. John D. Davis makes this observation of the location of the Edomites in the second century B.C.
The Edomites were driven from Petra westward by the Nabatheans in 312 B.C., and before the middle of the second century B.C. they were occupying, not only southern Judah, but also Hebron, and the country to its north as far as Bethzur (I Mac. 4:29; 5:65).
The Judahite historian, Flavius Josephus, records that during the days of John Hyrcanus, upon his expedition to reverse the decrees of Antiochus of Epiphanes, permitted the Idumeans (Edomites) to stay in the country of Judaea…
If they would circumcise… and make use of the laws of the Jews; and they were so desirous of living in the country of their forefathers, that they submitted to the use of circumcision, and of the rest of the Jewish ways of living; at which time therefore this befell them, that they were hereafter no other than Jews.
This mass conversion should not be minimized in connection with the surge in the second century of the discontinuation of naming the sacred name. Evangelist Ted R. Weiland noted the weight of this evidence when he stated:
This concurrence [that many Edomites adopted the religion of the Judahites] should not be discounted or minimized in view of the fact that today’s Jews are predominantly of Edomite descent, and especially in light of the English translators’ admission that they removed Yahweh’s name because of Jewish influence.
What was spearheaded by Antiochus of Epiphanes was continued by Judahite Israelites, as well as Edomite “Judahites”, and has continued down to us in this day and time. Seeing that this all began in the second century B.C. we could safely presume that the prohibition regarding not speaking the sacred name was in full force at the time of the Messiah; indeed we do have sufficient evidence to prove this point. For instance, the Judahite historian Philo of Alexandria (20 B.C. – 50 A.D.) acknowledges this prohibition in his record of history.
...and a golden leaf was wrought like a crown, having four names engraved on it which may only be mentioned or heard by holy men having their ears and their tongues purified by wisdom, and by no one else at all in any place whatever. And this holy prophet Moses calls the name, a name of four letters...
Philo also records that if someone “were even dare to utter his name unseasonably, he must endure the punishment of death…” and again, “Therefore these men must not be thought worthy of pardon who out of volubility of tongue have spoken unseasonably, and being to free of their words have repeated carelessly the most holy and divine name of God”.
Josephus also gives us knowledge of how the sacred name was viewed in his day. In recounting the story of Moses’ request in Exodus 3:13 for the name of the Almighty he writes,
Whereupon God declared to him his holy name, which had never been discovered to men before; concerning which it is not lawful for me to say any more.
I might also add that Josephus would not even so much as declare verbatim the ten commandments, most likely because of the fact of the sacred name having eight occurrences within the commands.
This tradition seems to have occurred due to a very extreme interpretation of a few passages in what is commonly called the Old Testament.
At least as early as the third century B.C. the name [Yahweh] seems to have been regarded by the Jews as a “nomen ineffabile,” on the basis of a somewhat extreme interpretation of Ex. xx. 7 and Lev. xxiv. 11…
The passages cited by this reference assuredly teach that we are not to degrade, curse, blaspheme, or bring to naught the name of Yahweh, but they definitely cannot teach in any fashion that we should not use the name and substitute it with an uninspired word. Psalms 79:6 states exactly the opposite of the claim from the Jewish Encyclopedia.
Pour out Thy wrath upon the nations which do not know Thee, And upon the kingdoms which do not call upon Thy name. [NASB]
Our Master and Savior himself did not support the traditions of the elders or the Pharisaical traditions when He stated in Mt. 15:3, “…why do you yourselves transgress the commandment of [the] Almighty for the sake of your tradition?” He then summed up Isaiah 29:13 when He stated, “This people honors me with their lips, but their heart is far away from me. But in vain do they worship me, teaching as doctrines the precepts of men.”
Whether this practice stemmed from pious Judahites or impious Judahites and Edomites cannot be completely ascertained by my studies. For one, I do not see the sacredness in deleting the Almighty’s name He gave Himself from our lips, and in no way do I desire to put a fence around the law by concocting traditions and doctrines of finite men. The Jewish Encyclopedia expounds upon the traditions existing between the second century B.C. and the first century A.D.
The true name of God was uttered only during worship in the Temple, in which the people were alone; and in the course of the services on the Day of Atonement the high priest pronounced the Sacred Name ten times (Tosef., Yoma, ii. 2; Yoma 39b). This was done as late as the last years of the Temple (Yer. Yoma 40a, 67). If such was the purpose, the means were ineffectual, since the pronunciation of the Tetragrammaton was known not only in Jewish, but also in non-Jewish circles centuries after the destruction of the Temple, as is clear from the interdictions against uttering it (Sanh. ,. 1; Tosef., Sanh. Xii. 9; Sifre Zuta, in Yalk., Gen. 711; ‘Ab. Zarah 18a; Midr. The. To Ps. Xci., end)
The question we must now ask ourselves is this: seeing the suppression of Yahweh’s name as a tradition brought about by a heathen king, and in turn continued by uninspired men, would the Messiah and His apostles continue such a fallacy? Should we continue such a fallacy? The stern rebukes which came from the Messiah towards the Jewish religious leaders of His day for their traditions should show us the answer. Our worship is in vain when we teach for doctrines the commandments of men. Yahweh says to proclaim, declare, say, and praise His name; traditions of man tell us otherwise. Who will we follow?
Did the Messiah Proclaim Yahweh’s Name?
This question definitely merits our attention. Do we have any evidence that the Messiah used the name Yahweh, and in turn taught His apostles to use it as well? First off, do not allow the findings in chapter three to be forgotten. The practice of substituting the sacred name was simply a circumvention of Yahweh’s law. The Scriptures are very clear in showing that Yahweh’s name is of paramount importance.
One of the most famous passages in the gospel accounts, given by those who have dealt with this question is found in the book of John 5:43.
I am come in my Father’s name, and ye receive me not, if another shall come in his own name him ye will receive.
Those believing in the sacred name have used this passage as evidence that the Messiah’s name must be the name of the Father, or either that His name must contain the short form of the Fathers name; Yah (Psalms 68:4).
Many in opposition to this belief have correctly pointed out that just because one comes in the name of the Father, does not mean their name is also Yahweh. The passage of Scripture usually given to prove this point is found in David’s battle with Goliath, the giant from Gath. Goliath came to David with sword, spear, and javelin; David came in something quite different. David indeed came in the name Yahweh. The fact that David’s name was not Yahweh, does not set at naught the other fact that David did use the name Yahweh in his encounter with Goliath. This is also seen in a story in I Samuel 25; notice the following:
5And David sent out ten young men, and David said unto the young men, Get you up to Carmel, and go to Nabal, and greet him in my name: 6And thus shall ye say to him that liveth in prosperity, Peace be both to thee, and peace be to thine house, and peace be unto all that thou hast. [I Samuel 25:5-6]
David’s command to the ten young men was to greet Nabal in his name. Did this mean they were to show up at Nabal’s doorstep and say, “Hey Nabal, we’ve come in the authority!” Absolutely not. It rather means that the men would proclaim to Nabal that they had come in the name of David. This is exactly what happened if we read on.
9And when David’s young men came, they spake to Nabal according to all those words in the name of David, and ceased. [I Samuel 25:9]
Just as David’s men came proclaiming the name David, so did the Messiah come proclaiming the name Yahweh. Many men have made an attempt to get around the clear Scriptures on this point, and I could elaborate on each of them, but I want you the reader to read these passages for yourself and judge as to what the Scriptures teach.
And the multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried saying, Hosanna to the Son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of Yahweh: Hosanna in the highest. [Matthew 21:9]
Father, glorify thy name. Then came there a voice from heaven, saying, I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again. [John 12:28]
I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world... [John 17:5]
...Holy Father, keep through thine own name those that thou hast given me... while I was in the world, I kept them in thy name... [John 17:11-12]
O righteous Father, the world hath not known thee: but I have known thee, and these have known that thou hast sent me. And I have declared unto them they name, and will declare it... [John 17:25-26]
Please do not simply brush off the clear implication of these passages. Also take note that when these statements were spoken, a New Testament Bible did not exist; the only Scriptures at the time were the Old Testament Scriptures. Thus the Messiah reached back into the Holy Scriptures to find the name He would declare to the world. Ask yourself, “What name do the Scriptures give witness to?”
We should also look at the book of Psalms, specifically chapter 22, and deal with a few prophecies concerning the Messiah. It should be known by you the reader that the Psalmist, though sometimes sounding as if he is talking only about himself, is actually giving a prophecy that would be fulfilled in the lifetime of the Messiah; for instance:
Men and brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulcher is with us unto this day. Therefore being a prophet, and knowing the Almighty had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne. [Acts 2:29-30]
This is Peter’s response to his own quotation of Psalms 16:8-11. Peter here tells us these things were pertaining to the Messiah. Although the immediate context of Psalms 16:8-11 refers to the Psalmist David, the inspiration of Yahweh shows that another fulfillment exists in reference to the Messiah.
With this in mind let us return to Psalms 22 and notice the prophecies that are fulfilled in the Messiah.
Psalms 22:1 = Mark 15:34
Psalms 22:6-8 = Matthew 27:39-44, Luke 23:35
Psalms 22:15 = John 19:28
Psalms 22:16 = Matthew 27:35
Psalms 22:18 = Matthew 27:35
All of the above Psalms passages, in their immediate context refer to the Psalmist David, but they are also clear references to the Messiah. There are other New Testament passages to support this but the above references should be sufficient. There is another Psalms 22 prophecy that was fulfilled in the Messiah.
I will declare thy name unto my brethren: in the midst of the congregation will I praise thee. [Psalms 22:22]
This is clearly seen to be fulfilled by the Messiah most directly in John 17:26. Hebrews 2:10-12 further proves this passage to be referring to the Messiah.
For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings. For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren, Saying, I will declare thy name unto my brethren, in the midst of the assembly will I sing praise unto thee.
The Scripture cannot be broken (John 10:35) so the prophecies must be fulfilled. This proves beyond any doubt that the Messiah indeed came proclaiming the name Yahweh, the name the prophets gave clear witness to.
What is the Name
of the Son?
What is the name of the Son of the Father? The majority of present day Christendom refers to Him by the name Jesus. This name is heralded not only across the United States of America, but over a large portion of the entire world. Does the majority have it right? I mean think about it, how could so many people be wrong? After all, the King James Version of the Bible, the Bible most professing Christians use today, contains the name Jesus hundreds of time in its section entitled The New Testament. This, for many people, is good enough. However, should we look further into this topic? Does it even matter what we call the Messiah?
A verse most people probably are not aware of comes to mind. This verse is a question that prompted my curiosity on the issue. In the book of Proverbs we find a variety of questions asked; the last question to be asked in the verse is the one that pertains to this chapter. If a writer in the inspired word, the Scriptures, has asked this question, it is imperative that we know the correct answer.
Who hath ascended up into heaven, or descended? who hath gathered the wind in his fists? who hath bound the waters in a garment? who hath established all the ends of the earth? what is his name, and what is his son’s name, if thou canst tell? Proverbs 30:4
Who hath ascended up… or descended? = Yahweh
Who hath gathered the wind in his fists? = Yahweh
Who hath bound the waters in a garment? = Yahweh
Who hath established all the ends of the earth? = Yahweh
What is his name? = Yahweh
We see here that the name Yahweh answers each of the above five questions; the last question is the one that now needs to be addressed. Wouldn’t it make logical sense that if the answer to each of the first five questions was Yahweh, the answer to the sixth question would be Yahweh as well? I certainly believe it would, and we shall delve into the issue in this chapter. As of now notice what comes immediately after the questions posed in Proverbs 30:4.
Every word of the Almighty is pure: he is a shield unto them that put their trust in him. Add thou not unto his words, lest he reprove thee, and thou be found a liar. [Proverbs 30:5-6]
The New International Version of the Bible renders the first part of verse five as “Every word of the Almighty is flawless…” and they certainly are. The point to be made here is that two verses pertaining to the purity of the Scriptures comes at the heel of a verse which asks the questions of what is the name of the Father and the Son. This, in and of itself, should satisfy anyone wanting proof that the question is one of importance, and verses fiveand six show that the question can be one of consequence.
What was the Messiah’s Name?We have proven that the Messiah definitely came to this earth proclaiming Yahweh’s name, but what of His own name? Do the Scriptures tell us what His name is?
To Him give all the prophets witness, that through His name whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins. [Acts 10:43
This passage tells us that all the prophets gave witness that we would receive remission of sins, through His name, believing on the Messiah. A good question would be, “What name did the prophets give witness of?” Please be aware that when Apostle Peter spoke this he had no New Testament; he only had what is commonly referred to as the Old Testament. Peter looked to the available Scriptures of his time to find the name for salvation. (Acts 2:14-21)
Instead of speculating, let’s give clear prophecies that were definitely fulfilled in the Messiah, and see what name the prophets gave witness to.
Isaiah 40:3 / John 1:23
The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of Yahweh, make straight in the desert a highway for our Almighty. [Isaiah 40:3]
Who’s way was this voice to prepare? The prophet said the way of Yahweh. Who was the voice?
He (John the Baptist) said, I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, make straight the way of Yahweh, as said the prophet Isaiah. [John 1:23]
Whose way did John prepare? The Messiah’s way; the way of Yahweh the Messiah. John here takes a passage that is specifically about Yahweh the Father, and attributes it to the Son.
Psalms 118:22-26 & Isaiah 8:14 / Acts 4:11-12
The stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of the corner. This is Yahweh’s doing; it is marvelous in our eyes. This is the day which Yahweh hath made; we will rejoice and be glad in it. Save now, I beseech thee, O Yahweh: O Yahweh, I beseech thee, send now prosperity. Blessed be he that cometh in the name Yahweh: we have blessed you out of the house of Yahweh. [Psalms 118:22-26]We clearly see here that the name Yahweh is associated with the builders’ rejection on the stone, but is Yahweh the stone?
Sanctify Yahweh of hosts himself; and let him be your fear, and let him be your dread. And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offense... [Isaiah 8:13-14]
Yahweh is very clearly the stone of stumbling, but what does the New Testament say?
Be it known unto you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of _______ of Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom the Almighty raised from the dead, even by him doth this man stand here before you whole. This is the stone which was set at nought of you builders, which is become the head of the corner. Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men whereby we must be saved. [Acts 4:10-12]
Yahweh is the stone, but yet here the Messiah is identified as the stone. What do you think the Messiah’s true name was?
Zechariah 14:4 / Acts 1:11
In Zechariah we have a fabulous narrative concerning the second coming.
Then shall Yahweh go forth and fight against those nations, as when he fought in the day of battle. And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east... [Zechariah 14:3-4]
To whom is Zechariah referring?
And while they looked steadfastly toward heaven as he went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel; Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? This same ______, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven. Then returned they unto Jerusalem from the mount of Olivet... [Acts 1:10-12]
What is the name of the man who ascended up into the heavens, in the presence of the disciples? What name did the prophet call him?
Jeremiah 2:13 / John 7:37-38
Be astonished, O ye heavens at this, and be horribly afraid, be ye very desolate, saith Yahweh. For my people have committed two evils; they have forsaken me the fountain of living waters, and hewd them out cisterns, that can hold no water. [Jeremiah 2:12-13]
The people forsook Yahweh the fountain of living water. They needed to come to Yahweh to drink from this fountain, right?
In the last day, that great day of the feast, ______ stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink. He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water. [John 7:37-38]
Who was speaking in John 7? Also notice a passage pertaining to this in Isaiah.
Behold the Almighty is my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for the Master Yahweh is my strength and my song; he also is become my salvation. Therefore with joy shall ye draw water out of the wells of salvation. And in that day shall ye say, Praise Yahweh, call upon his name, declare his doings among the people… [Isaiah 12:2-4]
Could it be any clearer?
John 2:32 / Romans 10:13
...whosoever shall call on the name of Yahweh shall be delivered… [Joel 2:32]
Would you agree that this passage teaches that one must call upon the name Yahweh to be delivered or saved? Did Paul agree?
That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Master ______, and shalt believe in thy heart that the Almighty hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation... For whosoever shall call upon the name of Yahweh [direct quote from Joel] shall be saved. [Romans 10:9-10, 13]
Who do we need to confess?
What’s With the Blanks?
I have been placing blanks in my quotations of the New Testament where the English versions read Jesus (Christ). I am doing this to get a point across to you the reader. The point is this: if the prophets and scriptures give witness of the one name Yahweh (Acts 10:43) should not the New Testament writings agree with the prophets? Is the name Jesus the original name of the Son?
The name Jesus is in our English versions of the Bible hundreds of times, this cannot be denied. According to SEC it is taken from this Greek name:
2424... Iesous, ee-ay-sooce; of Heb. or. ; Jesus (i.e. Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Isr.:-Jesus.
When this particular concordance gives the names of people in its Greek dictionary that originated in the Hebrew language, it refers you to the specific Hebrew name (number) that is in the Hebrew dictionary of this same concordance. Before going any further with the name of Jesus (Iesous), let’s look at a few examples concerning the practice I have just mentioned.
We will start with the Greek dictionary.
1138... Dabid, dab-eed; of Heb. or. ; Dabid (i.e. David), the Isr. king:- David
When we make reference to the Hebrew we find an exact or extremely similar sound or name. Here is the Hebrew rendering:
1732... David... Daviyd, daw-veed; from the same as 1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse:- David
So we can see here that you have the exact same name, with the similar or exact same sound. Notice a few other examples.
2501...Ioseph, ee-o-safe, of Heb. or. ; Joseph, the name of seven Isr.:- Joseph
3130...Yowceph, yo-safe; fut. of 3254; let him add (or perh. simply act. part. adding); Joseph...
2421...Iessai, es-sah’ee; of Heb. or. ; Jessae...
3448...Yishay, yee-shah’ee; by Chald...’iyshay, ee-shah’ee; from the same as 3426; extant; Jishai...
76...Adam, ad-am’; of Heb. or. ; Adam, the first man...
121...Adam, aw-dawm’; the same as 120; Adam, the name of the first man...
In the process of transliteration, letters of a name are simply brought down from one language to another (In this case Hebrew into Greek) and sound exactly the same or similar. You will at times have a slightly different pronunciation in certain languages because of the lack of sounds in those particular languages. The question is what is this Iesous, pronounced Yay-soos? If you will recall Iesous is #2424 in SEC and refers us back to the Hebrew #3091 in SEC.
3091...Yehoshuwa...Yehoshua, yeh-ho-shoo’-ah; from 3068 and 3467; Jehovah-saved; Jehoshua (i.e. Joshua), the Jewish leader:- Jehoshua, Jehoshuah, Joshua...
Yehoshua sounds nothing like the proposed pronunciation of SEC’s Iesous. I do not know exactly why this is given as the Greek pronunciation, but I do know it does not follow the practice of sound for sound as the other names do. This spelling of Iesous is used in the Greek Septuagint translation for the name we call in English: Joshua. Therefore the name that goes in the place of Iesous in the New Testament passages that read as such (Jesus) is Yeho-shua or Yaho-shua, correctly defined as YAHWEH-SAVES. It can be seen from Acts 7:45, as well as Hebrews 4:8 in the King James Version that the translators used the name Jesus where the name Joshua actually belonged.
The best that I can come up with in Greek for Ye(a)hoshua would be... Iesoua(o) [Iesoua;] or Iasoua(o) [Iasoua;]. The Greek does not have the “sh” sound but rather the “s” sound only. The last of the two pronunciations would be spelled:
Iota, Alpha, Sigma, Omikron/Upsilon, Alpha (or Omikron)
Yehoshua / Yahoshua
Whether you would use the pronunciation Yeho or Yaho at the beginning of this name would really not make a difference since the name means, either way, Yahweh saves. The Yaho may be more correct seeing that the Yeho may stem from the corrupted spelling of the sacred name in #3068 SEC... Yehowah. This name has combined the letters YHWH with the vowel points of the word Adonai (lord, #136 SEC). This is where the false hybrid name Jehovah came about, and is an erroneous pronunciation of the Fathers name.
The question is, “Is the son’s name Yahweh-shua or just Yehoshua / Yahoshua?” I prefer to use the full form of the name (Yahweh-shua) when referring to the son for certain reasons. Some of the reasons are seen in the parallel passages shown earlier in regard to scriptures about Yahweh attributed to the Messiah. The main reason I choose to do this is because of passages which are to follow.
I will begin with a passage in Psalms 102 where the psalmist praises Yahweh Almighty.
Hear my prayer, O Yahweh, and let my cry come unto thee... But thou, O Yahweh, shall endure forever; and thy remembrance unto all generations... This shall be written for the generation to come: and the people which shall be created shall praise Yahweh. For he hath looked down from the height of his sanctuary; from the heaven did Yahweh behold the earth... To declare the name Yahweh in Zion, and his praise in Jerusalem... Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the work of thy hands. They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them and they shall be changed: But thou art the same, and thy years shall have no end. [Psalms 102:1,12,18-19,21,25-27]
This passage is specifically attributed, in the New Testament, to the Son of Yahweh, and most interestingly after a statement made concerning the name of the son.
Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they. [Hebrews 1:4]
While he was called Son (vs. 5) and Almighty (vs.8), the passage specifically attributes Psalms 102:25-27 (vs. 10-12) to the Son of Yahweh. A passage about Yahweh, attributed to the Messiah, just after the writer spoke of the Son inheriting a more excellent name. Can we be sure that Yahweh is this more excellent name?
O Yahweh, our Master, how excellent is thy name in all thee earth! [Psalms 8:1]
Let them praise the name Yahweh: for his name alone is excellent; his glory is above the earth and heavens. [Psalms 148:13]
Now ask yourself, “What is the more excellent name the Son inherited?” It can be none other than Yahweh.
The second passage I would like to look at is a passage in Philippians 2. Philippians 2 speaks of Messiah being in the form of the Almighty, but humbling himself to be made in the likeness of man, and becoming obedient to the death on the stake. Because of his doing this, Yahweh has given him something. What did He give him?
Wherefore the Almighty also hath highly exalted him, and given him a (the) name which is above every name: That at the name of ______ every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth... [Philippians 2:9-10]
We can already be sure that the name Yahweh is above every name, but what did Paul have in mind when he wrote this?
...have not I Yahweh? and there is no Almighty else beside me; a just Almighty and a Saviour; there is none beside me. Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I am Almighty, and there is none else. I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear. Surely shall one say, in Yahweh have I righteousness and strength... [Isaiah 45:21-24]
Another passage that gives credence to the Father and the Son having the same name is found in Matthew 28:19.
Go ye therefore and teach all nations baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit… [Matthew 28:19]
This passage speaks of one name being shared by the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. That one name as we have seen can be none other than the glorious name Yahweh. As one author eloquently put it:
…It does not say “names” but “name” (singular). The name therefore has to be one shared by both the father and the son. The father is NEVER called Yahushua (let alone “Jesus”), but the son is called Yahweh, and came in his father’s name. The evidence, as a result, confirms that baptism was performed in the name shared in common by both the father and his son, the name… (Yahweh).
This particular verse will be quoted from the New American Standard Bible, seeing that it contains a translation that agrees with the majority of the New Testament texts available to us.
And I looked, and behold, the Lamb was standing on Mount Zion, and with Him one hundred and forty-four thousand, having His name and the name of His Father written in their foreheads. [Revelation 14:1]
Do the 144,000 have two names written on their foreheads? Or is the phrases ‘His name’ and ‘the name of His Father’ the same? Another passage in Revelation answers the question.
And there shall be no more curse: but the throne of the Almighty and of the Lamb shall be in it; and His servants shall serve him: And they shall see His face; and His name shall be in their foreheads. [Revelation 22:3-4]
While the above passage refers to both Yahweh and the Lamb (Messiah), it mentions HIS servants, HIS face, and HIS name, singular; one name for Yahweh and the Lamb. Thus Revelation 14:1 is to be understood as one name upon the forehead, much like Proverbs 30:4 asks many questions that can only be answered by the name Yahweh, including, “...what is... his son’s name...?”
There are many men who contain the short form (Yaho, Yeho) of the sacred name within their name. The Messiah was different; He is more than a mere creature (Mt. 28:19, Rev. 5:13). He has the name above every name (Phil. 2:9). In order for that to be true, He would have to have to full form of the name; Yahweh. Colossians 2:9 states that “…in him dwelleth all the fullness of the Divinity bodily.” The fullness of Divinity would include the Father’s divine name; the fullness of His Divine name. According to Matthew 1:21 His name did mean Yahweh saves... He (Yahweh) will save His people. The name Yahweh-shua means just that and it contains the full form which is the name above every name. It is similar to the Old Testaments use of Yahweh-yireh (Gen.22:14), Yahweh-nissi (Ex.17:15), and Yahweh-shalom (Judg.6:24). All show a primary function of Yahweh at a specific time. Yahweh-shua shows Yahweh as savior, which is why the son was sent.
...the Father sent the Son to be the savior of the world. [I John 4:14]
Let me close this chapter by quoting a passage directly from the mouth of Yahweh-shua the Messiah, recorded by the Apostle John.
Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I unto this hour. Father, glorify thy name. Then came there a voice from heaven, saying, I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again. [John 12:27-28]
The Son here asks the Father to glorify his name. The voice from heaven tells us that is exactly what the Father had done, and would do. Just a couple of chapters after this thundering voice from heaven, the Messiah speaks again concerning Himself and His Father. He states the following:
If ye had known me, ye should have known my Father also: and from henceforth ye know him, and have seen him. Philip saith unto him, Master, show us the Father, and it sufficeth us. Yahweh-shua saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? he that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how sayest thou then, Show us the Father? Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works. Believe me that I am in the Father, and the Father in me: or else believe me for the very works’ sake… And whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that will I do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son. If ye shall ask any thing in my name, I will do it. John 14:7-11, 12-13
Let us glorify the Father in the Son, just as Yahweh-shua the Messiah has said. Let us also remember the very words of the Messiah in Luke 24:46-47.
And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behooved [the] Messiah to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day: And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
At the time the Messiah stated this there were no Scriptures except what is commonly known as the Old Testament. Where is it written in the Scriptures that repentance and remissions of sins should be preached in the names Jesus or Yeshua/Yahshua? On the contrary; the Scriptures do in fact state the following:
Therefore I will judge you, O house of Israel, every one according to his ways, saith the Sovereign Yahweh. Repent, and turn yourselves from all your transgressions; so iniquity shall not be your ruin. Ezekiel 18:30
And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name Yahweh shall be delivered [have their sins remitted]: for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance, as Yahweh hath said, and in the remnant whom Yahweh shall call.
Whatever name was preached in the Scriptures, must be the name the early Apostles preached to the early assembly of the 1st century A.D.
Earlier, I dealt with transliterating the name of Yahoshua or Yehoshua (#3091 SEC) into the Greek language. I have read a few articles or booklets pertaining to this issue, and I would like to make a few further comments, while quoting from a few articles.
I first want to point out the belief which states that,“Iesous is the best transliteration possible, because of the differences in the sounds available in the Greek and Hebrew alphabets.” When we look at the names Jesus and Yehoshua we see almost a complete dichotomy between the two. However, can we know how the name Yehoshua came to be Jesus? A man by the name of Dr. Daniel Botkin authored an article entitled “The Messiah’s Hebrew Name: “Yeshua” Or “Yahshua”?” At one point in the article he gives attention to how the name Jesus came about.
…how do we get the Greek Yesous from the Hebrew Yehoshua? Someone armed with nothing more than a Strong’s Concordance may have difficulty answering that question. Someone who reads the Bible in Hebrew, though, knows that the name Joshua sometimes appears in its shortened form, Yeshua ([wvy). In Neh. 8:17 it is apparent even in English: “Jeshua the son of Nun.” (The letter J was pronounced like a Y in Old English.) Strongs does not tell the reader that the Greek Yesous in actually transliterated from this shortened Hebrew form, Yeshua, and not directly from the longer form Yehoshua. The process from “Yehoshua” to “Jesus” looks like this:
Hebrew Yehoshua – Hebrew Yeshua
Hebrew Yeshua – Greek Yesous
Greek Yesous – English Jesus
There is no “sh” sound in Greek, which accounts for the middle “s” sound in Yesous. The “s” at the end of the Greek name is a grammatical necessity, to make the word declinable.
I do appreciate Mr. Botkin for his honesty and his knowledge in the process of transliteration. There have been many well meaning people who have attempted to state that the name Jesus is of pagan origin. This could not be so if the name Jesus stemmed from the Greek name Iesous (Ihsouz), seeing that this Greek rendering appears in the Greek Septuagint, which was written around 250 B.C.
However is the spelling Ihsouz the best possible transliteration from Hebrew to Greek? In I Chronicles 8:33, 9:39, and 10:2 we find another name which has the exact same ending in Hebrew, as the name Yehoshua.
And Ner begat Kish, and Kish begat Saul, and Saul begat Jonathan, and Malchishua, and Abinadab, and Eshbaal. [I Chronicles 8:33]
This name Malchishua is presented by SEC as follows:
H4444 / מַלְכִּישׁוּעַ / malkı̂yshûa‛ / mal-kee-shoo'-ah / From H4428 and H7769; king of wealth; Malkishua, an Israelite:—Malchishua.
Please notice the last three letters in the Hebrew spelling of the name Malchishua. The letters in Hebrew are shin, waw, ayin. Now notice, as we showed earlier in the booklet, how SEC presents the name Yehoshua.
H3091 / יְהוֹשֻׁעַ יְהוֹשׁוּעַ / yehôshûa‛ yehôshûa‛ / yeh-ho-shoo'-ah, yeh-ho-shoo'-ah / From H3068 and H3467; Jehovah-saved; Jehoshua (that is, Joshua), the Jewish leader:—Jehoshua, Jehoshuah, Joshua. Compare H1954, H3442.
Notice that the ending of the name Yehoshua in Hebrew is identical to the name Malchishua in Hebrew. SEC even makes note of this in showing the ending pronunciation of the two names as being shoo’-ah. Here is the point. How was the end of Malchishua’s name transliterated in the Greek Septuagint? It was transliterated as follows:
If this is a proper transliteration of the Hebrew shua ([wv), why could not the name Yehoshua be transliterated thusly:
Now that I have presented this someone is bound to say “How do we know that Malchishua’s name isn’t improper, and should correspond to the ending of Yehoshua in the Greek Septuagint?”I would say that is a good question, but please notice that the Septuagint’s transliteration of Malchishua into Greek has a more similar sound to its original Hebrew counterpart than does the transliteration Ihsouz. The fact remains that the ending of the exact same Hebrew name is transliterated in two different ways… but that’s not all. There is yet another name equivalent to the Hebrew endings of Malchishua, and Yehoshua. This name is simply Shua, and is presented by SEC as follows:
H7770 / שׁוּעַ / shûa‛ shoo'-ah / The same as H7769; shua, a Canaanite:—Shua, Shuah.
Although this name is identical in Hebrew to the endings of the names Malchishua and Yehoshua, it is transliterated differently in the Greek Septuagint. You can find this name in Genesis 38:2, 12, and it is rendered in the Septuagint as follows:
Here, the Septuagint has rendered the middle of this name as “a” (ah) instead of “oo”. However, the ending of this name is also rendered as “a” (ah), which corresponds to the Hebrew “shoo’ ah”. The ending of this name corresponds with the transliteration I gave of the name Ye(a)hoshua from Hebrew to Greek earlier in chapter five.
It baffles me how that there are differences in transliteration for the exact same Hebrew name. I must however point out once again that in transliterating the name Yehoshua into Greek asIesoue; it causes us to get the pronunciation of “ee-eh-sou-wa”; a pronunciation more similar to Yehoshua or Yeshua than SEC’s “ee-ay-sooce”. Seeing that this is clearly the case, the names Iesous (ee-ay-sooce) and Jesus (gee-zus) are not the best transliterations possible of the name Yehoshua or Yahoshua, from Hebrew to Greek to English. While I do not think the names Iesous and Jesus are pagan in origin, they are in my assessment equivalent to the name Jehovah; an incorrect and insufficient rendering of the name Yahweh.
While many people believe the name the Messiah was given at birth was Yeshua (the shortened form of Yehoshua), I feel that the Scriptures teach that He had the same name as His Father. This can be clearly seen in the prophecies I mentioned earlier, as well as the New Testament passages such as Matthew 28:19, and Revelation 14:1. The Messiah may have been called Yahshua or Yahoshua (Yeshua / Yehoshua) at times on earth, but I feel I have Scripturally proven that His higher name, or His highest name, is none other than Yahweh. After studying what we have covered in this section, most people will turn to the Greek Septuagint or the Greek New Testament for the spelling and sound of Iesous. They will attempt to explain exactly how the Hebrew Yeshua was transliterated into Greek. If one chooses to do this, please examine the following facts that I have covered in this short section.
1. The name Yehoshua ([wvwhy) is transliterated as Iesous (Iesouz) in the Septuagint.
2. The pronunciation ee-ay-sooce is far from what the original Yehoshua sounds like.
3. Though I am not a scholar, we can see from the scholars, that the shua, in the name Malchishua and Shua, can be transliterated differently than the way it has been done in the name Iesous.
4. The English Jesus is even different from the Greek Iesous; Jesus being sounded with a hard “e” as in knee, and a short or soft “u” as in uncle. This is a different sound than ee-ay-sooce (yay-sooce).
5. The original sound of Yehoshua has thus been totally lost in the modern English pronunciation of Jesus.
6. The name Yahweh, the name above every name, is not evident in the name Jesus.
7. Jesus, in its present form, does not even have a meaning. We must go back to Yeshua or Yehoshua to obtain a meaning.
8. All the prophets referred to the Messiah by the name Yahweh, as well as connected the name Yahweh with repentance and salvation for New Covenant times.
9. It should be our goal as servants of the Father to strive for more and more perfection as we grow in the grace and knowledge of our Master and Savior.
10. Jesus was simply not the name given to the Son of Yahweh at birth, nor did the Messiah’s name sound anything similar to the sound of “ee-ay-sooce”, or the modern sound of the name Jesus.
Yahweh in the Greek
In this book we have dealt with the name of the Messiah, and concluded that he shared the one sacred name with the Father and the Holy Spirit, per Matthew 28:19. Certain people have written articles and even lengthy books on the subject of the name Yahweh in the Greek New Testament. Their concern is primarily with the Jehovah’s Witnesses reason for placing the name Jehovah in the New Testament. Consider the following:
One reason why this is so important is that it has allowed them (JW’s) to distinguish the references to ‘Lord’ (Gr. Kyrios) in the New Testament to refer to Jehovah, as opposed to the reference to Jesus, whose name is frequently preceded by ‘Kyrios’.
A more clear and decisive statement was written by another author as he wrote:
We criticize the Watch Tower Society because their alteration in the New World Translation is specifically directed at denying the Deity of Christ…
The problem these particular authors see with the Jehovah’s Witnesses is that this insertion of the name Yahweh in the New Testament will allow them further “room” to deny the deity of the Messiah.
Yahweh and the Deity of the Messiah
Would the name Yahweh in the Greek New Testament actually do damage to the Deity of the Messiah? Or can the name Yahweh, if inserted, further prove one of the most precious doctrines of the true New Covenant faith?
Some of the most convincing arguments for the deity of the Messiah that I have either heard or read personally have been presented by a man name Dr. James R. White. These arguments are so convincing because he simply has a way of allowing the Scriptures to just flow and speak for their self. For example, in one of his writings just after sighting Isaiah 45:23 he states the following:
In context, this passage is specifically about Yahweh, the God of Israel (see Isaiah 45:21). Yet Paul quotes from this passage and says that it is to Jesus that every knee shall bow (when in Isaiah it is to Yahweh), to the glory of God the Father! How can Paul say this? Does he believe in more than one God? Certainly not! But he realizes that both the Father and the Son are worthy of the name Yahweh! To bow the knee to the Son Jesus, is to bow to Yahweh. To do so is in no way to slight the Father, who, like the Son, shares the one divine name Yahweh.
Dr. White also comments on Matthew 28:19 in a debate he had with a Muslim minister concerning whether or not the New Testament taught the doctrine of the deity of the Messiah. He stated the following in a rebuttal to this minister:
…I believe that the name Yahweh, that was one of my evidences of the deity of Christ sir, is that the name Yahweh is used of the Father. For example in Isaiah 53 it is Yahweh who lays our sins upon the Messiah, clearly distinguishing between the Father and the Son, but it is also used of Jesus Christ in Hebrews chapter one verses ten through twelve; in John chapter twelve verse forty one. These are all passages that specifically identify Jesus Christ as Yahweh. So the one name Yahweh is used of the Father, of the Son, and specifically the Spirit of God is the Spirit of Yahweh. One name, one being, three persons…
Evangelist Ted R. Weiland also pointed out the concrete fact that if the proper name of the Messiah is used in Scripture, and if we properly insert Yahweh in the Old Testament where it belongs, it further proves, not denies, the doctrine of the deity of the Messiah.
The Hebrew spelling and pronunciation of our Savior’s name is most consequential because Yahshua’s deity is proven therein… Consider the Old Testament prophecies regarding Yahweh that are attributed to Yahshua. Whose way was John the Baptist to prepare? Who was to be betrayed for thirty pieces of silver? Whose side was to be pierced? Who was the stone that the builders rejected? Who was to become the chief corner stone? If your answer to these questions is Jesus, it would behoove you to look again at these prophecies. In Isaiah 40:3, Zechariah 11:12-13, 12:1, 10, and Psalm 118:19-22 the Tetragrammaton was removed and replaced with the words “the LORD.” When God’s personal name “Yahweh” is restored in these passages, it becomes immediately apparent that these prophecies were about Yahweh and fulfilled in Yahshua.
We have actually considered a few of these passages previously in this very booklet. What Jehovah’s Witnesses attempt to do with the sacred name should not turn us away from the glorious truth that this name clarifies.
Is the Name Yahweh in the N.T. Manuscripts?
I was also once shown a booklet at a debate I attended entitled The Tetragrammaton in the Christian Greek Scriptures. The person showing me the book said that it was the best book out on disproving the Tetragrammaton; i.e. YHWH. Seeing that I whole heartedly believed in the sacred name, I had no choice but to check the book out; was I missing something? Upon reading the book, very early on, I noticed the true intent of the author. His intent was not one that desired to disregard the name Yahweh or degrade it in the least manner. Please observe what this author, at one point, wrote.
The perspective of this book is a current historical and textual understanding for the use of the Tetragrammaton in the Christian Greek Scriptures. As such, we are not emphasizing the place of the Tetragrammaton in the Hebrew Scriptures. However, the reader must remember throughout this book that God’s name is used extensively in the Hebrew Scriptures, and that the textual evidence supporting its presence is beyond any doubt. The New World Translation is to be commended for its use of the divine name in the Hebrew Scriptures.
The author of this book therefore does believe that the name Yahweh is used thousands of times in the section of the Bible known as the Old Testament. Not only does he recognize its usage here, he also believes the name Yahweh should be used by Christians or Messianic individuals in worship.
The name of God should be frequently and respectfully used in both corporate and private worship.
The author of this book rather aims at showing the Sacred Name’s absence in the Greek New Testament, as even the title of his book proclaims.
I do understand the author’s reason’s for writing such a lengthy book. Jehovah’s witnesses do attempt to deny the Messiah’s relationship with Father and the Holy Spirit. However, I feel that knowledge of the one sacred name for the three mentioned in Matthew 28:19 further proves the Messiah’s being the Almighty.
One point that needs to be addressed is the absence of the name Yahweh from any Greek New Testament manuscript that is in existence today. This fact is often unknown to people who believe in the exclusive use of the name Yahweh. However, one point, often missed by those who are quick to point out this, is the fact that the short form, the name Yah, is in the Greek New Testament manuscripts that we have.
And after these things I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia; Salvation, and glory, and honour, and power, unto the Master our Almighty:... And again they said Alleluia. And her smoke rose up for ever and ever. And the four and twenty elders and the four beasts fell down and worshipped [the] Almighty that sat on the throne, saying, Amen; Alleluia... And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thunderings, saying Alleluia: for the Master [the] Almighty omnipotent reigneth. [Revelation 19:1,3-4,6]
The word at hand here, alleluia is defined by SEC as follows:
G239 /ἀλληλούϊα / allēlouia / al-lay-loo'-ee-ah / Of hebrew origin (imperative of [H1984] and [H3050]); praise ye Jah!, an adoring exclamation:—alleluiah.
The word actually means praise ye Yah; the letter Y being the older sound, much older than the recent English J sound. This name Yah is seen in the New King James Version of the Bible. Read, as I quote verbatim.
Sing to God, sing praises to His name; extol Him who rides on the clouds, by His name YAH, and rejoice before Him. [Psalms 68:4]
The conclusion is that the short form of the name is in the Greek New Testament manuscripts 4 times in the beginning of the 19th chapter of the book of Revelation. This is praise and adoration that our Mighty one accepts. It is proper to worship Yahweh with the word alleluia; i.e. praise ye Yah!
The short form of the name, Yah, is also seen to be in names of other individuals in the New Testament as well. Some of which are:
Urias (Uriah, NKJV Mt. 1:6)
Abia (Abijah NKJV, Mt. 1:7)
Josaphat (Jehoshaphat NKJV, Mt. 1:8)
Ozias (Uzziah NKJV, Mt. 1:8)
Ezekias (Hezekiah NKJV, Mt. 1:10)
Josias (Josiah NKJV, Mt. 1:11)
Jechonias (Jechoniah NKJV, Mt. 1:11)
Jesus (Mt. 1:16, more correctly Yehoshua/Yahoshua, or as I have shown from scripture Yahweh-shua)
The short form of the name Yahweh, Yah, is used a grand total of 15 times in the verses of Matthew 1:1-16. If you understand Jesus’ true name as Yahweh-shua (a fuller form of Yehoshua or Yahoshua) you have the full form of the name twice in these verses. If one were to count the number of times Yahweh’s name is used in short form intertwined into the names of men, one would come up with a host of evidence that Yahweh’s name is in the Greek New Testament manuscripts. Think about it, if your name was Abijah, as in Matthew 1:7, what would your name mean? SEC provides us with the definition of Abijah by first going to the name in the Greek lexicon, and in turn to the definition in the Hebrew lexicon.
H29 / אֲבִיָּהוּאֲבִיָּה / a_bya_h a_bya_hu_ / ab-ee-yaw', ab-ee-yaw'-hoo / From H1 and H3050; father (that is worshipper) of Jah; Abijah, the name of several Israelite men and two Israelitesses:—Abiah, Abijah.
The name indeed means my father is Yah! If this name was spoken in the first century A.D. (which it undoubtedly was) you would actually hear the first portion of the name Yahweh in its sound; Ab-I-Yah. Thus the name Yahweh was definitely known in the first century, and is in fact in the Greek manuscripts of the New Testament in its shortened form, just as in Psalms 68:4. However, what about the full form of the name?
The name Yahweh was seen in part two to be declared by the Son, most apparently in the high priestly prayer of John 17. In John 17:26 the Messiah made the statement that he declared the Father’s name; did He lie? I believe it is safe to say that He did not lie, and that he did declare His Father’s name just as He said. He did not declare the Father’s name as Lord or God, Kyrios or Theos. Why declare His Father’s name with a title that could be applied to any other of the host of false mighty ones? If He did, then there is no legitimate way to distinguish Yahweh from the other false mighty ones of the Bible which have personal proper names (and continue to have these names in the Greek New Testament) to distinguish them, as shown in chapter one of this work.
It is also well known that the apostles, and the Savior himself, often quoted from the Septuagint, or the underlying Hebrew text from which the Septuagint was translated. This is seen by paralleling the New Testament quotation with the actual reading in the Septuagint.
George Howard, Professor of Religion at the University of Georgia, wrote an article that appeared in the Biblical Archeology Review entitled, The Name of God in the New Testament . In this work he wrote the following:
In 1944, W.G. Waddell discovered the remains of an Egyptian papyrus scroll (Papyrus Fuad 266) dating to the first or second century B.C. which included part of the Septuagint. In no instance, however, was YHWH translated kyrios. Instead the Tetragrammaton itself - in square Aramaic letters - was written into the Greek text.
Professor Howard then gives two other separate and distinct Greek manuscripts of the Old Testament that do the same, and then makes the following statement.
Thus we have three separate pre-Christian copies of the Greek Septuagint Bible and in not a single instance is the Tetragrammaton translated kyrios or for that matter translated at all... This presents a striking comparison with the Christian copies of the Septuagint and the quotations of it in the New Testment which translate the Tetragrammaton as kyrios or theos.
Mr. Howard’s theory, and I believe it to be a most probable one, suggests that since the Oldest copies of the Septuagint we have, do contain the sacred name, that whenever a writer in the New Testament quoted from the Greek Old Testament (Or even from an actual Hebrew text) the writer would include the name Yahweh in his quotation, instead of substituting the name and transgressing the third commandment by using kyrios or theos where the name belonged. Someone may say, “...but the Greek New Testament has kyrios and theos written in place of the name Yahweh.” While this is true, so do later copies of the Septuagint, that is, have kyrios and theos in place of Yahweh. Whoever deleted the name Yahweh from these later copies of the Septuagint have not trusted in the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, but rather the knowledge of man.
Trust in Yahweh with all thine heart; and lean not unto thine own understanding. In all thy ways acknowledge Him, and He shall direct thy path. [Proverbs 3:5-6]
Someone back then with a later copy of the Septuagint, which had been corrupted, could have also said, “Well, this says kyrios and theos, and that is okay by me!” It is most logical to believe that when the writers of the New Testament quoted from the Greek Septuagint, that they quoted from the pure Septuagint and retained the name in their quotation, instead of deleting His name altogether and leaving him with nothing but mere titles that were shared by any of the other host of false mighty ones of the day.
One example that I will give, though I’ve given numerous others throughout this work is found in Matthew 4:4.
But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of Yahweh.
How do I know this verse should say Yahweh(?), because the passage is a quotation from Deuteronomy 8:3.
...that He might make you know that man doth not live by bread only, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of Yahweh...
The original statement contained the name Yahweh, thus it only makes sense that a direct quotation of the statement made by the Messiah in Matthew 4:4 (Who used the name Yahweh - John 17:6, 11-12, 26; Hebrews 2:12) would also contain the name Yahweh as well. George Howard makes the following statements concerning these types of quotations:
To the second century church, “Prepare the way of the Lord” (Mark 1:3) must have meant one thing, since it immediately followed the words: “The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ.” But to the First Century Church it must have meant something else since they read, “Prepare ye the way of YHWH.”
Professor George Howard’s study, along with the overwhelming evidence in the New Testament of the Messiah declaring the Father’s name shows that the New Testament writers knew and used the name Yahweh, and that this most important name, the name Yahweh declared from the beginning to be His memorial, was not originally deleted or erased by some spurious titles thus disregarding what Yahweh’s Holy Spirit inspired.
Other evidence which supports Yahweh’s name being used during the 1st century A.D. is found in prophecies given during Old Covenant times. For instance, in Joel 2:32 it was prophesied that whoever would call upon the name Yahweh would be delivered. Did this prophecy come to pass? In order for it to come to pass Peter would have had to use the name Yahweh on the day of Pentecost in Acts 2:16-21; or either the prophet Joel was a false prophet according to Deuteronomy 18:21-22.
21You may wonder, ‘How will we know whether the prophecy is from the Yahweh or not?’ 22If the prophet predicts something in Yahweh’s name and it does not happen, Yahweh did not give the message. That prophet has spoken on his own and need not be feared. [New Living Translation]
Joel predicted that in the last days the name Yahweh must be called on for deliverance. If this did not take place then Joel is of a surety a false prophet. This is not only seen with the Joel – Peter scenario, but with a host of other prophecies given during Old Covenant times.
To give another example, let’s turn to the powerful prophecy of Isaiah 52:3-6.
3For thus saith Yahweh, Ye [Israel] have sold yourselves for nought; and ye shall be redeemed without money. 4For thus saith the Sovereign Yahweh, My people went down aforetime into Egypt to sojourn there; and the Assyrian oppressed them without cause. 5Now therefore, what have I here, saith Yahweh, that my people is taken away for nought? they that rule over them make them to howl, saith Yahweh; and my name continually every day is blasphemed. 6Therefore my people shall know my name: therefore they shall know in that day that I am he that doth speak: behold, it is I.
While this prophecy obviously deals with the Israelites returning from their physical bondage, this prophecy is couched in the same context as Isaiah 52:13-15, and the entire chapter in Isaiah 53; each referring to the coming lamb of Yahweh. Notice verse three which speaks of Israel being redeemed without money. What were they redeemed with?
18Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers; 19But with the precious blood of the Messiah, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot: 20Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you… [I Peter 1:18-20]
Notice also that Isaiah 52:6 shows that part of this restoration has to do with Yahweh’s people knowing Yahweh’s name. Was Isaiah a true prophet? You be the judge.
Consider also these passages:
Jeremiah 16:19-21 19O Yahweh, my strength, and my fortress, and my refuge in the day of affliction, the Gentiles shall come unto thee from the ends of the earth, and shall say, Surely our fathers have inherited lies, vanity, and things wherein there is no profit. 20Shall a man make mighty ones unto himself, and they are no mighty ones? 21Therefore, behold, I will this once cause them to know, I will cause them to know mine hand and my might; and they shall know that my name is Yahweh.
Jeremiah 23:5-6 5Behold, the days come, saith Yahweh, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. 6In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, YAHWEH OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.
Jeremiah 31:31-34 31Behold, the days come, saith Yahweh, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: 32Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith Yahweh: 33But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith Yahweh, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their Almighty, and they shall be my people. 34And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know Yahweh: for they shall all know me, saith Yahweh: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.
Ezekiel 36:23-27 23And I will sanctify my great name, which was profaned among the heathen, which ye have profaned in the midst of them; and the heathen shall know that I am the Yahweh, saith the Master Yahweh, when I shall be sanctified in you before their eyes. 24For I will take you from among the heathen, and gather you out of all countries, and will bring you into your own land. 25Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean: from all your filthiness, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you. 26A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh. 27And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them.
Ezekiel 39:7 7So will I make my holy name known in the midst of my people Israel; and I will not let them pollute my holy name any more: and the heathen shall know that I am the Yahweh, the Holy One in Israel.
Ezekiel 43:7 7And he said unto me, Son of man, the place of my throne, and the place of the soles of my feet, where I will dwell in the midst of the children of Israel for ever, and my holy name, shall the house of Israel no more defile, neither they, nor their kings, by their whoredom, nor by the carcasses of their kings in their high places.
Micah 4:1-5 1But in the last days it shall come to pass, that the mountain of the house of Yahweh shall be established in the top of the mountains, and it shall be exalted above the hills; and people shall flow unto it. 2And many nations shall come, and say, Come, and let us go up to the mountain of Yahweh, and to the house of the Almighty of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for the law shall go forth of Zion, and the word of Yahweh from Jerusalem. 3And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more. 4But they shall sit every man under his vine and under his fig tree; and none shall make them afraid: for the mouth of Yahweh of hosts hath spoken it. 5For all people will walk every one in the name of his mighty one, and we will walk in the name of Yahweh our Almighty for ever and ever.
Micah 5:1-4 1Now gather thyself in troops, O daughter of troops: he hath laid siege against us: they shall smite the judge of Israel with a rod upon the cheek. 2But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting. 3Therefore will he give them up, until the time that she which travaileth hath brought forth: then the remnant of his brethren shall return unto the children of Israel. 4And he shall stand and feed in the strength of Yahweh, in the majesty of the name of Yahweh his Almighty; and they shall abide: for now shall he be great unto the ends of the earth.
Zephaniah 3:9, 12-13; 9For then will I turn to the people a pure language, that they may all call upon the name of Yahweh, to serve him with one consent… 12I will also leave in the midst of thee an afflicted and poor people, and they shall trust in the name of Yahweh. 13The remnant of Israel shall not do iniquity, nor speak lies; neither shall a deceitful tongue be found in their mouth: for they shall feed and lie down, and none shall make them afraid.
Zechariah 13:7-9 7Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, and against the man that is my fellow, saith Yahweh of hosts: smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered: and I will turn mine hand upon the little ones. 8And it shall come to pass, that in all the land, saith Yahweh, two parts therein shall be cut off and die; but the third shall be left therein. 9And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and will try them as gold is tried: they shall call on my name, and I will hear them: I will say, It is my people: and they shall say, Yahweh is my Almighty.
Zechariah14:9 9And Yahweh shall be king over all the earth: in that day shall there be one Yahweh, and his name one.
Malachi 3:16 16Then they that feared Yahweh spake often one to another: and Yahweh hearkened, and heard it, and a book of remembrance was written before him for them that feared Yahweh, and that thought upon his name.
These Scriptures are merely scratching the surface. All of these prophecies deal with a time frame under the New Covenant or either a time frame yet to happen. One way in which they must properly be fulfilled is if the name Yahweh is used by the people mentioned in the prophecies. I cannot with a clear conscience say that the name Yahweh is no longer appropriate for the assembly, and deny the obvious teaching of these passages.
It cannot be denied that the name Yahweh, in its full form, does not appear in any of the Greek New Testament manuscripts we have in existence; I’m not arguing that point. My reason for using the name Yahweh in the New Testament is because of the internal evidence found time and time again throughout the pages of Scripture. If the Messiah did not declare His Father’s name as Yahweh, what did He declare it as… the LORD? Why declare such when every other false mighty one in Scripture can be referred to by the same appellation? Did the Messiah declare His Father’s name as being GOD? A name which sounds identical to the name of a false mighty one worshipped by those who forsake Yahweh?
If the name Yahweh was simply removed from the scene, so to speak, then the third commandment likewise must be abolished; seeing that it is intrinsically involved with the name Yahweh. Remember, according to this commandment we are not to bring Yahweh’s name to naught; which in one case means we should not cause it to be forgotten. Realizing that the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John took place (at least for the majority) under the Old Covenant, and that the third commandment would at least be applicable at this time, are we willing to conclude that no one at this time proclaimed the name Yahweh? Are we willing to say that the very Son of the Almighty did not use the name Yahweh, and in His ministry transgressed the third commandment?
These things should be considered by those not willing to accept the internal evidence found within the pages of Scripture. Let us all be honest with the Scriptures, and seek to please Yahweh instead of the traditions and doctrines of man.
Dealing With a Few Objections
Even with the weighty evidence presented in this book, there are still some who will deny that what I have written has any truth in it whatsoever. I find it immeasurably difficult to believe that people could deny the Father and Son’s name as being Yahweh, but some do. There are people who believe that the Father’s name never was Yahweh, but that Yahweh is a corruption of paganism in the Hebrew text.
For starters, the people who believe this do not have one shred of manuscript evidence, or even a good, plausible theory claiming Yahweh as an interpolation. They just, for some reason, do not like the idea presented in the Bible that our Father’s name is Yahweh. Some of them insist rather, that his name is I AM THAT I AM.
In Exodus 3:13 Moses asks the Almighty what to tell the children of Israel when he approaches them to begin the process of deliverance out of Egyptian bondage.
And Moses said unto the Almighty, Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them, The Almighty of your fathers hath sent me unto you; and they shall say to me, What is his name? What shall I say unto them? [Exodus 3:13]
Upon hearing this question the Almighty speaks and says,
...I am that I am: Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel I am hath sent me unto you. [Exodus 3:14]
The King James Version capitalizes the phrase as I AM THAT I AM, and the second time I AM. There is simply no reason to use capitalization here. The phrase is a group of commonly used words that are not, and cannot be designated as proper nouns. Rather, Yahweh is emphasizing that He is what he chooses to be, and that He will undoubtedly be with Moses and the children of Israel. This is seen to some extent in a preceding verse, where the exact same phrase is used.
And Moses said unto the Almighty, Who am I, that I should go unto Pharaoh, and that I should bring forth the children of Israel out of Egypt? And he said, Certainly I will be with thee; [Exodus 3:11-12]
The words, I will be, are the exact same Hebrew phrase mentioned by Yahweh in verse 14, where they are translated into English as I am; one Hebrew phrase, two English translations. The Father was simply repeating to Moses what He had already promised, possibly out of anger, seeing Moses did not seem to believe him, as shown by the many excuses he attempts to give. The words I am in Hebrew are defined by SEC as follows:
1961 hayah... to exist, i.e. be or become, come to pass...
This word is used in various scriptures. Some of which we will now quote.
And Yahweh Almighty said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil… [Genesis 3:22]
I will not drive them out from before thee in one year; lest the land become desolate and the beast of the field multiply against thee. [Exodus 23:29]
The desire accomplished is sweet to the soul: but it is an abomination to fools to depart from evil. [Proverbs 13:19]
And if a man has committed a sin worthy of death, and he be to be put to death... [Deuteronomy 21:22]
And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: [Exodus 2:21]
If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart from her, and yet no mischief follow: [Exodus 21:22]
...but if not, then we shall know that it is not his hand that smote us; it was a chance that happened to us. [I Samuel 6:9]
The above emboldened words in these verses are English translations of the Hebrew hayah. These verses show us that it is a common word that is translated in a variety of different ways. Something as so sacred as the name of the Heavenly Father would not have such a variety of different uses in the Bible. While this is not his name, I believe we can conclude that it is the translation, or meaning of his name. That is, the name Yahweh means He exists, can cause things to become, and bring things to pass. In Exodus 3:14 Yahweh proclaims to Moses what He is, while in Exodus 3:15 He proclaims to Moses who He is.
And Almighty said moreover unto Moses, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, Yahweh the Almighty of your fathers... hath sent me unto you: this is my name forever, and this is my memorial unto all generations. [Exodus 3:15]
Here, in verse 15, when proclaiming Himself as Yahweh, he refers to Yahweh as being His name. In verse 14 when telling Moses what He is, the word name does not appear. However, was Yahweh’s name first proclaimed to Moses? Why did Moses ask for a name if he already knew it?
Was the Name Yahweh Known Before Moses?
Some of the ministers who contend for the Father’s name being I am, have also claimed that no one knew the name Yahweh prior to Moses. This is concluded from Exodus 3:13, and Exodus 6:3 (a verse we will discuss in a few moments). Why did Moses ask for a name if he already had one? Did the children of Israel know about Yahweh prior to Moses’ proclamation to them when he came to Egypt?
And Moses sent messengers from Kadesh unto the King of Edom, Thus saith thy brother Israel, Thou knowest all the travail that hath befallen us: How our fathers went down into Egypt a long time; and the Egyptians vexed us, and our fathers: And when we cried unto Yahweh, he heard our voice, and sent an angel,... [Numbers 20:14-16]
This passage shows us that the children of Israel had cried to Yahweh before Moses ever came to Egypt. Yahweh was not some strange name to the people of Israel, for this was the name the Mighty one of their ancestors was known by. Moses simply knew that the children of Israel would need conformation that Moses had really been visited by Yahweh.
Moses also knew Yahweh’s name before it was spoken to him, because in Exodus 3:6 Yahweh identifies himself as the Almighty of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, all of which called upon the name Yahweh. Furthermore, after Yahweh tells Moses His name and gives him a short dissertation (Ex. 3:15-22), Moses’ response is not that Israelites will not believe him because of this strange new name, but simply that they will have a difficult time believing that Yahweh really did appear to Moses (Ex. 4:1). All of this leads up to a discussion of a text that deals with this same issue of previous Mosaic knowledge of Yahweh.
Exodus 6:3... “Was I not” or “I was not”?
Some people insist upon interpreting Exodus 6:3 as meaning that no one had knowledge of the name Yahweh before Moses, but does this interpretation harmonize with Scripture? In the 1988 King James Study Bible (page 109), put out by Thomas Nelson publishers, there is a study note on this particular verse, which is of interest to us, in this endeavor for a correct interpretation.
...There are three basic views: (1) In the early patriarchal period the tribal name of God was El Shaddai, but Moses was now about to reveal for the first time the name Yahweh as the God of Israel (yet note Gen. 4:26; 12:1,4; 13:4). (2) The phrase should be expressed as a question: “And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, as God Almighty (El Shaddai); but by my name Yahweh, was I not known to them?” (3) There is a special revelation of the name Yahweh, not its first introduction...
It should be noted that while this argument is presented by some people who deny that the name Yahweh is authentic, the argument itself is an acceptance of the name Yahweh, but just a rejection of when it originated in scripture. To hang onto both sides is contradictory.
The question is this; can we prove that the name Yahweh was known before the time of Moses? If the answer is yes, then it judges out the first of the three major interpretations, and nullifies the whole “no knowledge of Yahweh before Moses” concept. It can be very easily proven that the name Yahweh was known and used well before the time of Moses. Genesis 2:4 is the first time the name appears in the Bible. This passage tells us that it indeed is Yahweh who created all things. Please notice who else used the name.
...Eve... conceived... and said; I have gotten a man from Yahweh. [Genesis 4:1]
And he (Lamech) called his name Noah, saying, This same shall comfort us concerning our work and toil of our hands, because of the ground which Yahweh hath cursed. [Genesis 5:29]
And Noah builded an altar to Yahweh... [Genesis 8:20]
It would stand to reason that if these people knew the name Yahweh, that Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob (the men spoken of in Exodus 6:3) would also know the name. Can this be proven?
And Abraham called the name of that place Yahweh-yireh: as it is said to this day, In the mount of Yahweh it shall be seen. [Genesis 22:14]
And he (Isaac) builded an altar there, and called upon the name Yahweh, and pitched his tent there: and there Isaac’s servants digged a well. [Genesis 26:25]
So that I (Jacob) come again to my father’s house in peace; then shall I say Yahweh be my Almighty. [Genesis 28:21]
I do not think it could be any clearer. They did know and use the name Yahweh, so we can rule out the number one interpretation. It seems the writers of the note on Exodus 6:3 of that particular Bible thought it was a faulty interpretation as well, seeing they cited verses in Genesis using Yahweh’s name.
Which of the remaining two interpretations should we choose? I believe it is safe to say that the number two interpretation fits like a glove when reading this scripture in its proper context. Exodus 6:1-3 must be read in light of Exodus 5:20-23.
And they (Israelites) met Moses and Aaron, who stood in the way, as they came forth from Pharaoh: And they said unto them, Yahweh look upon you, and judge; because ye have made our savor to be abhorred in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyed of his servants, to put a sword in their hand to slay us. And Moses returned unto Yahweh, and said, Lord, wherefore hast thou so evil entreated this people? Why is it that thou hast sent me? For since I came to Pharaoh to speak in thy name, he hath done evil to this people; neither hast thou delivered thy people at all. [Exodus 5:20-23]
Moses complains to Yahweh because the Israelites are “on his back” about Pharaoh’s orders concerning them having to accumulate their own straw. Yahweh then answers Moses’ complaints and groaning in His next breath.
Then Yahweh said unto Moses, Now shalt thou see what I will do to Pharaoh: for with a strong hand shall he let them go, and with a strong hand shall he drive them out of his land. And the Almighty spake unto Moses and said unto him I am Yahweh: And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of the Almighty (Hebrew = El Shaddai), but by my name Yahweh was I not known to them. And I have also established my covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan, the land of their pilgrimage... [Exodus 6:1-4]
Yahweh here reaffirms His promise to Moses by letting him know that He was known by the name Yahweh to the patriarchs, as we have already proven. He then mentions that He was not only known by name to them, but has also established His covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan. He reassures Moses by using His name Yahweh, the name which He swore by to keep His covenant. Thus Exodus 6:3 in part should be rendered thusly,
...but by my name Yahweh, was I not known to them?
By using the name, Moses knew that Yahweh really meant business.
The Lost Pronunciation
This argument is also used by some that consider the name Yahweh as an interpolation in scripture. Once again they have contradicted their self. If Yahweh was not originally in the Bible then why use the argument that it cannot be pronounced?
This argument, to say the least, really misses the whole point. The point is that the Father does have a name, it is not God, Lord, or Jehovah; it is rather Yahweh. While we should strive to pronounce the name properly, the importance lies in realizing the true name, not the absolute correct vocalization of it.
To get really technical, how do we know anything we say is accurate in pronunciation? There are people who argue over the correct pronunciation of English words. Are we really speaking properly, or just continuing traditional pronunciations as they were handed down from our family tree? Do not get me wrong, I do believe it is important, and I do believe we can know how to say the Father’s name, but just because someone may have a deficiency in speech or lack a certain sound in their inherent language does not mean they cannot be saved. Some people, upon hearing me talk like this have said, “Well, why not just use Jehovah then?” The answer to that question is that I know Jehovah is incorrect, and so do several other scholars much more knowledgeable than myself. To call upon Jehovah as the Father’s name would be cheating my self of clear facts. Without going into to much detail, which has been done by other works in a scholarly fashion, I will simply quote some authorities on the issue.
The controversy as to the correct pronunciation of the tetragrammaton, whether as Yahwe... Yahawe... Yahwa... Yahawa, a controversy in which, as in Ex. 3:14, the derivation of YHWH from an imperfect form of hayah was always assumed, has been gradually brought to an end... The abbreviated form, Yahu,... can be explained only by the form, Yahw,... and the seghol (e) of the second syllable is attested, to mention nothing else, by the fact that in Samaritan poetry, YHWH rhymes with words ending in that way.
...the original pronunciation must have been Yahweh or Yahaweh...
It should be noted that there are many strong linguistic and epigraphic arguments in favor of Yahweh as the correct form. There are Greek transcriptions from religious papyri in Egypt; there are personal names in Biblical Hebrew ending in yahu, which is the typical “short form” (jussive, i.e. commands, and past tense) for verb forms of the particular type in which the last two consonants were originally waw (w) and yod (y). The long form of those same verbs ends in -eh... So Yahweh is not just some sort of “scholarly invention”.
The pronunciation, Yahweh, is indicated by the transliteration of the name into Greek in early Christian literature... by Clement of Alexandria, and by Theodoret...
The true pronunciation was never lost. Several early Greek writers of the Christian Church testify that the name was pronounced Yahweh.
There are others I could quote but this will be sufficient. I will however share with you a brief observation of mine concerning this issue.
A practice arose, in the B.C. era, of abstaining from pronouncing the four Hebrew letters,hwhy. From this practice stemmed another one which involved placing spurious vowel points under the letters hwhy which would lead many Israelite readers of the Scriptures to not accidentally blurt out the correct pronunciation. The vowel points which were most commonly placed on the four letters, were from a Hebrew word adonai, and secondly from a Hebrew word elohim; adonai being equivalent to our English word master, and elohim being equivalent to our English word almighty. When many Israelite readers came across the vowels of adonai, they would read hwhy as adonai, and the same would go for elohim. The letters and the vowels together looked like this:
If the Jews of that day would have taken any of the correct vowel points, and placed them upon the tetragrammaton, it would have defeated their purpose in attempting to blot out the correct pronunciation. The second syllable pronunciation is what I am primarily dealing with, for in the first syllable a pattach (“ah” sound) was not brought over from adonai, and a segol (“eh” sound) was not brought over from elohim. Why... I have no clue. In both, however there is a sheva, which tells us that at least the first syllable could not be sounded as YUH (as in yuck). In the second syllable the pronunciation would be WAH for the vowel pointing from adonai, and WIH from the vowel pointing of elohim. Thus, if my theory is accurate, WAH or WIH (we) cannot be the correct sound for the second syllable. With all of the evidence we have concerning the correct second syllable pronunciation, we would be led to conclude that WEH (“eh”) or WAY was the proper ending.
Is Yahweh’s Word Above His Name?
This argument is sometimes used by people who for some reason, once again, unbeknown to me, do not see the importance in the name Yahweh. The argument is found in an interpretation of Psalms 138:2.
I will worship toward thy holy temple, and praise thy name for thy lovingkindness and for thy truth: for thou hast magnified thy word above all thy name.
It is claimed that Yahweh’s word is above His name, and if it is, what is really the point? It would not teach that Yahweh’s name is not important or magnified, just that His word is more important. But, this is not what the passage is saying at all. In fact the King James rendering here is a little choppy and hard to understand in the last sentence. It is not proper grammar the way they have it translated. Notice a few other versions.
...for you have exalted above all things your name and your word. [NIV]
...For Thou has magnified thy word according to all thy name... [NASB]
...For thou hast magnified thy holy name above all. [Douay Rheims]
...for thou hast exalted above everything thy name and thy word... [RSV]
...for thou hast magnified thy holy name above every thing... [Septuagint translation]
I think the proper punctuation for the KJV would be as follows:
...for thou hast magnified thy word: above all, thy name.
However you see it, this by no means nullifies the importance of Yahweh’s name.
He Has Many Names
This argument is nothing more than complete conjecture. There is not a single passage in Scripture stating that he has many names. We do find evidence that Yahweh has many descriptive titles or generic names that we can refer to him by, but never, never, is it said in Scripture that he has more than one name. Scripture is clear when it makes statements as “I am Yahweh, that is my name… (Isaiah 42:8)” or “Yahweh of hosts is his name… (Jeremiah 31:35).” When making arguments to prove our position we should always have a verse stating our argument. No such verse can be found stating that the Creator has more than one name.
It Doesn’t Matter What You Call Him
Much like the previous objection, this objection is also not found in Scripture. Can you point me to book, chapter, and verse which say it doesn’t matter what you call Him? No, you cannot. As a matter of fact we should see by now that with all the Scriptures we been through in this short book that it does indeed matter what you call him; it profoundly matters.
As a child growing up I was taught by my earthly father to make it a practice to refer to people by their proper name, whether in a grocery store, gas station, or department store. Referring to someone by their proper name shows that you have respect for them and that they are not just some bump on your road of life; it causes relationships to be built. How much more do you think the Creator of heaven and earth desires for us to praise the name He gave himself?
I feel that I have been totally honest with my presentation regarding the sacred name. As of right now I simply cannot see it being any other way. I have had people explain to me how that it does not matter, or the Creator has many names, or that He hears you no matter what you call Him. I, however, do believe it matters, and do not believe He has many names. He has one name (singular) for all nations (plural). Matthew 28:19 proves this as well as Luke 24:47.
And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in His name among all nations beginning at Jerusalem.
Whatever name was first preached at Jerusalem in the first century A.D., is the name that needs to be preached here in the year 2003, and for all of time.
I do although believe that Yahweh can hear people when they call Him only Lord, God, Jehovah, or Jesus, and realize that certain people were never presented with the knowledge of the true name of the Almighty. It had to be a part of the sovereignty of Yahweh to allow His holy name to be somewhat lost to many individuals. He has a purpose for everything that happens; after all He is the author of everything that happens.
Someone may want to ask me, “Do you believe anyone not believing in the name Yahweh is lost?” My answer to that question is this. I am called to preach the truth, especially concerning the message of salvation, no matter what the cost. I have to preach it like I see it. I cannot believe or walk in anything that I cannot see. Am I infallible? Of course not; no one is. We would be nothing, but for the grace of the Almighty (Ephesians 2:8-10). I do not feel that within myself I can choose or proclaim the destiny of any individual. One’s relationship with Yahweh will be determined by Yahweh himself, and you the reader need to know this to be factual. We should not try to hide or cover up this issue on the basis of absurd argumentation or fallacious claims. Our emotions or experiences should never be the judge of what is truth and falsehood. We live our lives without knowing the complete mind of the Father or His council, and we should live a life of love toward Yahweh, and our neighbor.
I feel that a life of love towards Yahweh will not, upon examining all that has been said regarding the name Yahweh, be able to continue using Lord in all capitols... where it does not belong; God in all capitols... where it does not belong. Neither will one be able to continue to use the man-made names Jehovah or Jesus simply because they were not inspired by Yahweh as His one distinctive name. Once again, I am not a scholar, but I am able to study for myself.
As we strive for truth, we should not feel as though we are denying our emotions or experiences in the past, or judging anyone else’s stance in justification. We should rather walk in any knowledge we have been shown, after examining all the evidence, and proving all things.
Upon learning this glorious truth one may ask, should I discontinue the use of the name Jesus in my reading and worship? I feel the answer to your questions is... yes. This is not to say that you have not had an experience previously with the Almighty. It is to say that upon having true knowledge presented to you in any subject, one should make changes where necessary.
This book is not in any way meant to judge anyone’s past or family members that have passed away. It is rather to awake us to a truth that is so clearly found in the scriptures so we may enjoy the harmony of the inspired word of Yahweh.
Thank you for reading this book
Application in 1857While studying at Pitts Theological Library in Atlanta, Georgia one day, I came across a very old book on microfilm. The title of the book shocked me as it agreed with the belief I held because of studying the Scripture. The name of the book was Yahveh Christ or The Memorial Name. The date of the publication of this book was even more dramatic; it dated back to the year 1857! This showed me that even over 100 years ago their were individuals studying Scripture and making the conclusion that the name Yahweh can and should be applied to the Messiah.
This book was written by Alexander Mac Whorter of Yale University, with an introductory letter by Nathaniel W. Taylor D.D., professor of didactic theology and Yale theological seminary. Mr. Taylor closes his introductory letter to the book with this statement:
I only add, that just views of the moral government of God over this world since the Apostasy in Eden; - a government of Law and Grace, administered by Him who is the Seed promised to our first Parents, - the Jehovah Angel of the Patriarchs, - the Messiah of the Jews, the Redeemer of the world, the King on the holy hill of Zion, and the Lamb in the midst of the Throne, - not only harmonize with, but almost seem to require, the import which the writer of this critique gives to the Hebrew word,hwhy (Yahveh).
Mr. Mac Whorter then goes on to say in the preface:
It will be shown that this Name, having been deprived of its true vowels through superstition of the Jews, is not “Jehovah,” but Yahveh; that it is not properly rendered “I am,” but He who will be; that it is the Great Messianic Name of the Old Testament, and there represents the same Divine Person, who afterward appeared in the world’s history under the name of Christ.
In reading Mr. Mac Whorter’s book one will find that the primary intention is to recognize that the Messiah is none other than the Almighty manifested in the flesh. However, I find it nothing short of amazing that others in the past have recognized the application of the name Yahweh to the Messiah.
Yahveh in the person of Christ speaks on earth.
Yahveh, He who will be, becomes Christ, the Anointed, the Messiah. But the eyes of the nation are holden, that they know Him not.
His very name, veiled in superstition and represented by false and foreign word, is indeed “incommunicable” to their blinded hearts.